The expert allowed military reforms in Russia after the special operation

And named the key know-how of tactics in 4 months

Four months have passed since the start of the special military operation. Experts analyze its intermediate results and tactics. Thus, military expert Ilya Kramnik highlighted several key points in the actions of our troops.

Photo: AP

Estimating the estimated time frame conducting a special operation, the expert notes its “protracted nature” and suggests that the armed forces of Ukraine (AFU) will continue to resist for some time. At the same time, as Kramnik reminded on the social network, the Armed Forces of Ukraine rely on military assistance from the West, including fuel, ammunition, and cash.

Among the factors that ensure the superiority of the Russian troops, the expert named two: an artillery offensive, due to the ability to concentrate a significantly larger number of artillery systems and use an order of magnitude more ammunition than the enemy; an operational maneuver under artillery cover.

In his opinion, the acceleration of the operation could be facilitated, for example, by an increase in the use of high-precision weapons, drones and armored vehicles.

Studying the course and results of a special military operation will help optimize the structure of the Ground Forces, the Navy and military aviation in the future. The undoubted achievements of the fleet Kramnik attributed the presence of the Caliber cruise missiles, as well as the equipment of the fleet forces with the UKKS universal ship-based firing system, which makes it possible to unify the Navy's missile armament.

As part of the Air Force, the expert noted the high quality of Su-34 front-line bombers and Ka-52 multipurpose attack helicopters. At the same time, according to him, it will be necessary to increase the number of special-purpose aircraft and helicopters in the Air Force – air command posts, reconnaissance vehicles, electronic warfare carriers.

Kramnik did not rule out that, as a result of the special operation, the Airborne troops will be reformatted into airmobile or light infantry units, allowing airborne landings, operating on standard armored vehicles of motorized rifle units, and having additional training in order to carry out helicopter and tactical parachute landings, if necessary.

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Named the forecast for Russia at the NATO summit

North Atlantic Alliance is going to strengthen its eastern flank

From 28 to 30 June, the NATO summit will be held in Madrid. Particular attention at the meeting of NATO leaders will be given to the Ukrainian theme. The parties will discuss the possibility of strengthening support for Kyiv. But among the members of the association on this issue there are a number of disagreements. The expert assessed whether the parties would be able to close the cracks in the desired “foundation of unity”, and also told what Russia should expect from the upcoming landmark meeting.

Photo: AP

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called the upcoming summit outstanding. “It will be historic, firstly, because the meeting of 30 allies will take place in the midst of the biggest security crisis in Europe since the end of World War II, – Stoltenberg noted. – Secondly, it will be historic, because we will make many important decisions.

NATO Secretary General also stressed that the parties will agree on the largest since the end of the Cold War; transformation of the collective defense of the alliance.

It is expected that the summit will discuss the issue of joining the block of Finland and Sweden. Consideration of these applications is actively blocked by Turkey. Ankara accuses Helsinki and Stockholm of supporting terrorists.

On the eve of the summit, Turkey once again confirmed that it was not going to join the anti-Russian sanctions of the West, as its economy would be seriously affected by this decision. Moreover, the official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalyn, said that the launch of the Russian special operation in Ukraine was not accidental, since it was preceded by decisions by NATO and the West.

“Over time, China quickly rose to the top of the economic pyramid, – Kalyn noted in an interview with journalists on the Haberturk TV channel. – Suddenly it became the second largest economy in the world. Russia began to doubt the pyramid in geostrategic and military terms, proposed to renegotiate the terms and sign a new balance agreement in 30 years. Those who wanted to suppress those trying to get out from below said: let's go the way of conflict.

Meanwhile, Stoltenberg announced that at the Madrid summit Russia would be declared a “threat to peace and stability.” In the new Strategic Concept, special attention will be paid to strengthening the military position against the “become more aggressive” Moscow.

According to preliminary data, the updated NATO concept will outline longer-term and multifaceted challenges to Euro-Atlantic security from China, as well as the alliance’s approach to transnational threats in the climate and space spheres, in the field of cybersecurity, etc.  

In addition, according to the White House, the United States “will announce steps to strengthen European security. Major new commitments are also expected regarding Allied contributions.

comments “MK” President of the Euro-Atlantic Cooperation Association Tatiana Parkhalina. – The previous one from 2010 stated that one of the main goals of NATO is to form a genuine strategic partnership with the Russian Federation. However, now, for the first time since 1967, Russia will be recognized as an enemy and threat to the alliance.

The importance and seriousness of this concept should not be underestimated, despite the fact that it will be implemented at a declarative level. The consequence of this will be the further strengthening of the eastern flank of the association. For understanding: until February 24, there were 4,500 NATO forces there, but now there are 40,000. For the first time, an alliance rapid reaction force has been deployed on the eastern flank and in Europe.

Moreover, we are talking about a serious increase in the presence and weapons. Moreover, in conditions when none of the parties withdrew from the founding act of 1997. On paper, it still formally exists. If this document spoke about the possible presence of NATO units on a rotational basis, now, apparently, we will talk about the presence on a permanent basis.

There has never been a unified position on all issues in such structures as NATO and the European Union, and, most likely, never will be, the expert believes. There is always compromise diplomacy, ongoing negotiations and discussions, which sometimes take considerable time.

“About” poured concrete ” the community need not say, – continues Tatyana Parkhalina. – The vitality and effectiveness of an organization is determined not by whether problems arise, but by how they are solved. There have always been disagreements in NATO on various occasions and issues. I think to some extent they persist. What would I pay attention to in this regard: on Sunday, June 26, on the sidelines of the G7 summit; French President Emmanuel Macron met with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Politicians represent two schools in the collective West and two approaches to resolving the situation in Ukraine. In short, in the “victory party of Kyiv” includes the UK, Poland, the Baltic states and part of the American establishment. In “the party of the beginning of the Russian-Ukrainian peace talks” – France, Germany, Italy and Hungary.

The agreements that were reached between Macron and Johnson just indicate that a common position has now been developed: the parties promised to provide assistance to Ukraine as much as needed, and also not to resolve the Ukrainian issue without the country itself. Only Kyiv, according to Western representatives, will depend on the conditions under which it will or will not sign peace agreements. In addition, the head of the British government urged not to exert any pressure on Ukraine under the terms of a possible agreement.

Thus, the existing cracks between these two countries were covered with concrete putty. The parties managed to eliminate these disagreements.

According to the expert, in recent years, “enfant terribl” The North Atlantic alliance is Turkey. In this sense, she took the place of France. Ankara, unlike most NATO members, has refused to impose sanctions against Russia. Moreover, the country opposed the possible entry into the alliance of Finland and Sweden.

“However, in the last two days there has been information that Ankara’s veto over Helsinki and Stockholm may still be overcome, – the expert continues. – As for economic sanctions, NATO does not deal with them. This is being done by the European Union, the G7 (G7). And just these days in the Bavarian Alps there is a talk about how to further strengthen the restrictions on Russian oil, gold, etc.

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Putin awarded the title of Hero of Russia posthumously to Senior Lieutenant Popov

Russian President Vladimir Putin awarded Senior Lieutenant Alexander Popov the title of Hero of Russia posthumously. This is stated in the decree of the head of the Russian Federation.

The document states that the title is awarded for the courage and heroism that the senior lieutenant showed in the performance of military duty.

Alexander Popov sacrificed himself to hold strategically an important milestone in the course of the NWO. His unit covered the positions of Russian troops. The outnumbered Ukrainian armed formations tried to break through the defenses, firing continuously.

The division of the senior lieutenant forced the military of the Armed Forces of Ukraine to stop and retreat, but, after receiving reinforcements, they attacked again. Popov received two wounds, but continued to lead the soldiers, doing his duty. Thanks to him, they managed to repulse the offensive and prevent a breakthrough of the defense.

Earlier, the Russian Defense Ministry spoke about the course of a special military operation in Ukraine on June 26. The Russian Aerospace Forces attacked the workshops of the Artem plant in Kyiv, where ammunition for Ukrainian multiple launch rocket systems was produced.

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Market consolidation. Association of bloggers and agencies appeared in Russia

Members of the Association of Bloggers and Agencies (ABA) — leading domestic production and creative agencies that supervise Russian-speaking bloggers with a large audience. The main goals that the ABA has set for itself today are: ensuring an effective dialogue with the government, developing the industry, combating market monopolization, recognizing blogging as a profession by the state, and equating Internet marketing with IT companies. The representatives of the blogosphere and the founders of the Association discussed the implementation of these tasks at a press conference held at the international multimedia press center “Russia Today”.

“According to unofficial data, last year the total turnover of Internet marketing amounted to 15 billion rubles. At the same time, our market has never been united by any association, unlike, for example, the Association of Creative Agencies. Her creation was completely situational. We arranged several anti-crisis meetings to understand what to do next. Then the idea arose to form an association, », — ABA President Tatiana Ivanova began her speech.

Severe but fair

ABA Co-Founder Maxim Perlinnoted that the influencer marketing industry, where bloggers and celebrities with a large audience on social networks and on other platforms are the main opinion leaders, has fully shown its scale and significance during the pandemic. According to him, at that time the figures for the coverage of media people in our country approached those of TV channels, and in terms of prompt response to news, bloggers completely outstripped them.

“In the plans of the ABA — create a black list of unscrupulous bloggers. This is necessary to develop rules for ethical behavior. The system will be similar to football: we will introduce yellow and red cards. If the agency proves that the blogger behaved ugly, then he will first receive one warning in the form of a yellow card. In total, you can “accumulate” three. Then the media person is marked with a red card. This means that the members of the association who verified the rule will stop cooperating with it, — Perlin explained.

Bloggers' opinion

One of the main idols of the youth — blogger Stas Kruglitsky. He became famous thanks to funny short videos on social networks, where he plays the role of a capricious girl named Santana Novikova. The creation of the Association of Bloggers and Agencies, according to Kruglitsky, is a necessary solution that will make the blogosphere more honest, safer and more successful.

“Due to the recognition of some social networks as extremist in Russia, my income this year has fallen by 90%. But I am sure that the sphere will soon recover, domestic analogues of social networks will appear, where the audience will come. And this will be useful to the state, including due to tax payments by bloggers. The association will certainly influence the improvement of influencer marketing, — he said.

Yaroslav Andreev, founder of Dream Team tik-tok-houseagreed with the opinion of Stas Kruglitsky. He also noted that in the spring the industry sank due to the fall in the audience and the departure of global brands for one reason or another. According to Andreev, now representatives of the sphere are living in a crisis management situation and are actively looking for new ways to grow the blogging industry market.

“People are accustomed to consuming information through bloggers. I am sure that new social networks will be launched in Russia, where we will succeed. While the market is in a state of stagnation, but in a year or two everything will begin to develop again, and the association will help with this, — he said.

Television and radio host Tutta Larsen agreed that the ABA would have a positive impact on the development of the blogging industry. She considers its infinity and freedom to be the main advantages of the sphere: people of different professions, age and social status become bloggers.

«Blogosphere — it is, first of all, a unique degree of closeness to the audience. Many bloggers — people who studied for something else, but thanks to social networks they received a tool to develop their profession. From a hobby or a game, blogging has grown into a full-fledged profession that needs to be recognized. It forms the image of the country, », — she concluded.

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The expert told why mobilization is not announced in Russia

Currently, the Russian military solve combat missions within the framework of a special military operation in Ukraine quickly and efficiently, which does not require mobilization. This was announced in an interview with aif.ru by the editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine. Igor Korotchenko.

He noted that there are losses in the ranks of the Russian army, but now they are minimal. In addition, they are replenished by trained contract soldiers who know how to fight effectively, unlike reservists.

“Only professionals can fight effectively in modern warfare, and not those reservists who were taught to shoot in the army many years ago from a machine gun, issuing 10 rounds at the shooting range,” Korotchenko said.

He added that the inefficiency of the unprepared military is noticeable in the territorial defense forces of Ukraine. The expert urged not to repeat the mistakes of the enemy.

Information about the allegedly impending mobilization in Russia periodically appears in the media. Last week, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denied such rumors.

Earlier, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, said that there was no need to mobilize in the Russian Federation against the backdrop of a special operation.

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Deripaska advised graduates not to rush to leave Russia

At the presentation of diplomas of the Graduate School of Business of Moscow State University, Russian entrepreneur Oleg Deripaska advised graduates not to rush to leave the Russian Federation, the Telegram channel “Earlier than all. Well, almost.

According to Deripaska, there is a high level of uncertainty in the country, but now there are new opportunities. He advised immersing himself in new realities, occupying niches in the Russian and world markets.

Leaving Russia now – mistake, says the entrepreneur. He suggested that those citizens who hurried to leave would return later.

Earlier, Deripaska said that rumors about his participation in “some kind of conspiracy” do not correspond to reality.

In April, the entrepreneur proposed to halve the state apparatus and law enforcement agencies in Russia, leaving the army and navy as the only stronghold of the state.

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Blinken estimated the damage to Russia from the G7 ban on gold imports

Blinken: Russia will lose about $19 billion annually from the G7 ban on gold imports The US Secretary of State stressed that the sanctions already imposed on Russia are seriously affecting its economy. Following the summit in Germany, the G7 plans to announce a ban on Russian gold imports were announced by American leader Joe Biden

Anthony Blinken

The losses of the Russian economy from the ban on Russian gold imports by the G7 countries will amount to about $19 billion a year, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in an interview with CNN. “This is the second most profitable export item after energy resources,” — he said.

Russia— one of the world's largest exporters of gold. According to the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, Russian gold mining companies produced 346.4 tons of gold. Of these, 302.2 tons were exported and, according to FCS statistics, brought Moscow $17.4 billion.

The head of the State Department called the effect of the sanctions already imposed against Russia because of the special operation in Ukraine “colossal”. “What we have been doing since the beginning, these unprecedented sanctions and export restrictions are having a significant impact on Russia even with oil revenues amid rising prices. She can't spend this money because of export restrictions,” — Blinken explained. According to him, as a result, over time, Moscow will lose the tools for mobilizing the defense sector, technology and resource extraction. noted the Secretary of State.

On June 25, US President Joe Biden announced that the G7 countries (USA, UK, Germany, Canada, France, Italy and Japan) would announce a ban on Russian gold imports. G7 Summit takes place from 26 to 28 June in Germany. The UK government has indicated that the value of gold for Russian elites has grown in recent months due to demand from big businessmen who are trying to avoid the financial consequences of international sanctions.

The EU said it was ready to consider joining the G7 in ban on the import of Russian gold. The head of the European Council, Charles Michel, stressed that the restrictions should be studied for damage to the EU economy.

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The Russian authorities have repeatedly called the sanctions imposed because of the special operation illegitimate and emphasized the harm of restrictions for those states that impose them.

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Matvienko announced Russia’s unwillingness to “engage in boltology” with Ukraine

According to the speaker of the Federation Council, Moscow is ready to negotiate with Kyiv “on realistic terms”, which are known. “Clearly and clearly stated our conditions must be accepted,” she said

Valentina Matvienko

Russia is ready to negotiate with Ukraine “on realistic terms”, said Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko in an interview Belarusian TV channel STV.

“They [the conditions] are known. We also announced them publicly. These are the conditions that have been declared for the purpose of a special military operation, and, of course, Russia will not negotiate under any other conditions, because it is Ukraine that has crossed the red line, — Matviyenko said when asked what conditions are needed to resume the negotiation process.

According to her, Western countries, if they wish, could “seat Kyiv at the negotiating table and force them to reach peace agreements”, but they had “completely different goals, different tasks.” Nevertheless, Moscow did not shy away from negotiations with Kyiv, the speaker noted.

She is convinced that “not Russia is at war”, but the West and NATO “at the hands of Ukrainians are at war with Russia”. Moscow had to do everything to defend itself.

Returning to the negotiations, the chairman of the Federation Council stressed that Russia was not ready to “engage in boltology”. Negotiations should not be “declarative”. “Clearly and distinctly stated our conditions must be accepted. And this will become the basis for negotiations, during which the nuances and so on can be clarified, — she added.

Matvienko called the President of Ukraine “a puppet in the hands of the United States”, who is not allowed to negotiate, but “ordered to fight”.

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“This is not a pro-Ukrainian president, that this is a president who does not think about the fate of his country, which is already destroyed and continues to crumble. <…> In order to preserve peace, tranquility, the lives of his citizens, he was obliged to sit down at the negotiating table and look for mutually acceptable solutions, taking into account the already existing realities, — concluded the speaker.

The Russian side had previously insisted on the demilitarization and denazification of the neighboring country, as well as on its non-bloc and non-nuclear status. The parties suspended negotiations in May. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergey Lavrov, blamed Kyiv for this, which, in his words, “was poked by the Americans, the British primarily, because it is the Anglo-Saxons who are now in charge.” there. He doubts that Ukraine will return to the negotiation process in the near future. Kyiv at the same time allowed the resumption of negotiations with Russia in August. According to the head of the Ukrainian delegation, David Arakhamia, Ukraine is preparing a counteroffensive, which will strengthen its position in the negotiations. He ruled out resuming the dialogue in the current situation.

Matvienko, speaking about the sanctions, said that “this is a serious attempt to maintain the hegemony of the United States, an attempt by the countries of the West, this is a struggle for this hegemony, which means that the collective West should decide how to develop, in which direction to move.” So, “without trial, without investigation” part of the currency reserves of the Bank of Russia was frozen, the accounts of Russians and Belarusians are being blocked “on an ethnic basis”. “This is discrimination, this is genocide,” — she thinks.

According to her, “discredit” dollar and euro forces Russia to get rid of “unreliable currencies”, switching to settlements in national currencies. “And in general, today the Russian Federation, both with Belarus and with other states, is increasingly switching to payment in national currencies. But this movement must be phased, smooth, gradual, so as not to harm, so that there is a return from such a transition, — added the speaker of the Federation Council.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, commenting on the freezing of part of the Russian reserves, stated that “illegitimate actions” West “draw a line under the reliability of the so-called first-class assets.” In his opinion, by their actions, the US and the EU have actually declared “a real default on their obligations to Russia.” “Now everyone knows that financial reserves can simply be stolen,” — Putin spoke.

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Swiss customs reveals 18 violations of sanctions against Russia

The Swiss authorities have identified 18 cases of violation of the sanctions imposed against Russia because of the military operation in Ukraine. It is reported by Bloomberg with reference to the Federal Office for Customs and Border Security. The department did not give details.

The country, despite its neutral status, decided to join the restrictive measures that the European Union introduced against Russia. On June 10, Switzerland supported the sixth EU sanctions package, which includes a partial embargo of Russian oil, as well as imposing financial restrictions and banning 100 people from entering. Among them are citizens of Russia and Belarus — military personnel, politicians, businessmen, “persons involved in the dissemination of disinformation.”

Now the European Union is preparing the sixth package of sanctions. According to Reuters, Russian gold may be included in it.

On June 21, Bloomberg, citing Swiss customs data, reported that Switzerland had imported Russian gold for the first time since the beginning of the Russian military operation. About 3 tons of metal were imported into the country from Russia, which accounted for 2% of all gold imports. The agency noted that most enterprises refused to accept Russian metals after the London Bullion Market Association deprived six Russian plants of the status of suppliers of gold and silver.

The Swiss Federal Office for Customs and Border Protection later clarified that the gold of Russian origin arrived in the country from the UK. The agency did not disclose data on importers for legal reasons, but announced a check for compliance with existing sanctions.

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Turkey vows not to join sanctions against Russia

Erdogan's representative Kalin: Turkey does not intend to join sanctions against Russia According to Erdogan's representative, Turkey periodically receives Western requests for anti-Russian sanctions, but Ankara protects its interests and does not intend to impose sanctions against Russia

Turkey does not intend to join the sanctions that the West has imposed on Russia, Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on the air of the Haberturk TV channel.

According to him, Turkey periodically receives requests from the West regarding the need for sanctions against Russia, however, Ankara “adheres to a policy of balance.”

“We do not impose sanctions [against Moscow] and will not be connected to them. We must protect our interests. If everyone destroys the bridges, who will end up talking to Russia? Our economic relations with Russia are of such a nature that the imposition of sanctions will cause more damage to the Turkish economy than to Russia. We have taken a clear position [on the issue of sanctions]. In the West, it was accepted, & mdash; Erdogan's spokesman said.

Besides, Kalyn continued, Western sanctions have not pushed Russia to the negotiating table, on the contrary: “[Russian President Vladimir] Putin has further strengthened his position inside, and the ruble has recovered economically.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine on the morning of February 24. According to him, the purpose of the operation — “demilitarization and denazification” Ukraine, as well as protecting the population from “genocide” in Donbass. Ukraine, in response, introduced martial law and announced mobilization.

Since the beginning of the conflict, the Turkish authorities have called on the parties to peace talks. So, at the end of March, the last face-to-face meeting of the Russian and Ukrainian delegations took place in Istanbul, where the parties agreed on the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Kyiv and Chernihiv directions, as well as the organization of gum corridors. However, later the parties announced the termination of negotiations.

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Ankara also acts as an intermediary in negotiations on the export of Ukrainian grain from the Black Sea ports. The Milliyet newspaper reported on June 20 that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan discussed the creation of a “grain corridor” with UN Secretary General António Guterres. According to the publication, this mechanism assumes that ships within a month will begin to export grain from the ports of Ukraine through the Dardanelles and Bosporus. The parties intend to export up to 40 million tons of grain within 6-8 months, the newspaper noted. Quadripartite meeting on the “grain problem” with the participation of Kyiv, Ankara, Moscow and the UN is planned in Turkey “in the coming weeks”.

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Chomsky called the ultimate goal of the US “game” against Russia

American political publicist and philosopher Noam Chomsky believes that Washington will continue to harm Russia.

In an interview He reminded The Nation that the White House and NATO have been arming Ukraine since 2014. At that time, joint military exercises with the alliance began to be actively conducted, and steps were also taken to integrate the country into a military bloc. “Of course, all this was done deliberately for the purpose of provocation,” Chomsky is sure.

These processes accelerated when Joe Biden became president of the United States. The expert referred to the State Department, which acknowledged that prior to the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, the US authorities refused to discuss any concerns of Moscow about security issues.

“The US continues to play a game where the lives of Ukrainians are at stake, as well as the very existence of civilization in order to weaken Russia and make sure that she suffered enough. There is no moral basis for this,” Chomsky emphasized.

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Japan will expand sanctions on 160 organizations and individuals from Russia

According to Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, the sanctions are directed against individuals and organizations associated with the Russian defense industry. Their accounts in Japan will be frozen

Japan will expand anti-Russian sanctions to 70 individuals and 90 legal entities, as well as impose a ban on the import of gold and the provision of a number of services. This was reported by the NHK TV channel with reference to the statement of Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida at the G7 summit.

According to the prime minister, the sanctions will affect individuals and organizations mainly associated with the Russian defense industry. Their accounts in Japan will be frozen.

“We reject a world in which unilateral changes in the status quo, such as Russia's invasion of Ukraine, are ubiquitous, and we will strengthen the international order based on the rule of law,” — emphasized Kishida.

Since the end of February, the Japanese government has approved several packages of restrictive measures against Russia, imposed sanctions against companies and individuals, banned investments in the country, restricted exports and revoked preferential treatment in trade. In particular, in early June, Tokyo decided to ban the export to Russia of products that “help strengthen the industrial infrastructure”: steel tanks, conveyors, dump trucks, bulldozers, looms, and more.

NHK previously reported that sanctions against Russia caused the loss of more than $2.7 billion by the largest Japanese banks Mitsubishi UFJ, Sumitomo Mitsui and Mizuho. Most of the losses are caused by the fact that bank customers cannot repay loans issued to them under the influence of sanctions restrictions.

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Russia has taken measures in response to the sanctions: it has banned the entry of 63 citizens of Japan. The restrictions included Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Cabinet Secretary General Hirokazu Matsuno, Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi, Finance Minister Shun'ichi Suzuki, Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi and Justice Minister Yoshihisa Furukawa, as well as members of both houses of the Japanese parliament. Before that, back in March, Moscow refused to negotiate a peace agreement with Tokyo.

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Bloomberg reported that Russia defaulted for the first time since 1918

Bloomberg: Russia's first foreign debt default since 1918 In Russia, the default was called “artificial” and many times they declared their readiness to service the external debt .jpg” alt=”Bloomberg reported that Russia defaulted for the first time since 1918″ />

On the night of June 27, for the first time since 1918, Russia defaulted on sovereign debt in foreign currency, writes Bloomberg.

Default— is the default of the debtor to pay the debt. The announcement of default by the state lowers its credit ratings— it becomes difficult or impossible for the country to attract new loans, as a result, the limited infusion of external capital hinders the development of the economy.

The grace period for about $100 million in late payments on government bonds expired on Sunday, according to the agency, and in the event of default, the deadline is considered a default event. At the same time, Bloomberg points out that “the default is mostly symbolic and means little to Russians.”

RBC turned to the Russian Ministry of Finance for comment.

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We are talking about dollar bonds of the Ministry of Finance, the balance of which for $552 million Russia was supposed to pay off on April 4. However, at that time, the United States blocked Russia's ability to pay its debts from frozen reserves, and the Ministry of Finance initiated the fulfillment of the obligation in rubles. Western market participants prepared to default on these bonds, citing an uncoordinated change in the currency of payment, but the Ministry of Finance at the end of April still managed to bring funds in dollars to foreign investors (according to Bloomberg, for this, free from encumbrance dollar accounts of the Mortgage Corporation &laquo ;Dom.RF»).

On May 11, the former holders of these bonds, who had received the principal payment by May 2, filed a notice of Russian default with the Euroclear clearing system, citing the fact that they did not receive additional interest accrued from April 4 to the date of the actual bond redemption. Russia, when paying the principal at the end of April, did not include this additional interest in its payment, they argue. “Following the demand of the holders of securities, Russia never paid this interest,” — creditors indicated.

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In the Kremlin, after the sanctions against the national depository, they announced attempts by Brussels to push Russia into an “artificial default”. Siluanov called the creation of artificial barriers to service Russia's public debt a farce. “You can declare anything and try to hang a label. But everyone who understands understands that this is not a default, — the minister emphasized. In his opinion, it would be appropriate to call a default in this situation the refusal of foreign financial intermediaries to fulfill their obligations, since this “damages the business reputation of Western financial institutions.”

On June 22, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the payment currency debt in rubles. To do this, all foreign investors were opened ruble accounts of the “I” type without their personal presence. The next day, the Ministry of Finance paid off its Eurobonds in rubles for the first time under the new scheme.

At the end of 2021, Russia's public debt amounted to ₽20.9 trillion— 18.1% of the country's GDP, according to the Accounts Chamber. Domestic debt amounted to ₽16.5 trillion. External debt in foreign currency reached $59.7 billion

According to the Bank of Russia, as of January 1, 2022, the external debt of the Russian Federation amounted to $478.2 billion. the amount takes into account not only the debts of the public sector, but also private companies that borrow funds in foreign markets.

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The Kremlin called the timing of Russia’s achievement of technological sovereignty

Peskov: it will take 10 to 20 years to achieve Russia's technological sovereignty ://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/2/81/756563001457812.jpg” alt=”The Kremlin announced the timing of Russia's achievement of technological sovereignty” />

Special Presidential Envoy for Digitalization Dmitry Peskov

Russia can achieve technological sovereignty in 10-20 years, for this it is necessary to create a conditional “Diamond Fund” from dozens of own developments. About this in an interview with RIA Novosti said Dmitry Peskov, special presidential envoy for digitalization.

“If we talk about the realistic task of technological sovereignty, it looks like this: in 10-20 years, you can create 30-50 own lines of advanced developments that will become exhibits of our “Diamond Fund of Technologies” and will be able to provide food, security, medicine and connectivity in the country in case of any cataclysms,— said Peskov.

According to him, “the question is to have your own“ Diamond Fund ” technological developments that either only you have, that is, this technological superiority, or three to five other countries in the world have— i.e. technological parity. The representative of the president noted that, unlike the usual “Diamond Fund” — technologies are depreciating and need to be “constantly replenished.”

After the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Western and Asian countries imposed sanctions against Russia. In particular, the United States announced restrictions on high-tech exports, due to which, for example, processor manufacturers stopped supplying them to Russia. US sanctions did not affect consumer appliances and electronics, but many foreign companies independently suspended or completely stopped the supply of their products to Russia, including Apple, Samsung, Dell, etc. The EU, in turn, imposed restrictions on the supply of electronic goods for home use more expensive than €750, as well as electronic devices for recording video and sound costing more than €1 thousand. Several large software developers have also left the Russian market, including SAP, Oracle, etc.

In early June, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin ordered the creation of industrial competence centers for import substitution in key sectors of the economy. He also invited the government commission to consider proposals to replace industry and system-wide foreign solutions with Russian software products and software and hardware systems.

In turn, the Special Representative of the Russian President for Digital and Technological Development Dmitry Peskov proposed a “technological island” strategy, by which he means the achievement of full technological sovereignty. For this, according to him, it is necessary to work out the “green” agenda, create our own techno-economic block, an export package of agricultural products, a new generation of transport logistics corridors between Russia and Asian countries, etc.

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Turkey linked Russia’s military operation in Ukraine with the actions of the West

According to Erdogan's representative, Moscow's decision to conduct a special operation in Ukraine could be related to the actions of the West over the past 30 years

Representative of the Turkish President Ibrahim Kalin

Turkey condemns Russia's military operation in Ukraine, but admits that Moscow's decision could be related to the actions of the West for 30 years, including the expansion of NATO. This was stated by the representative of the President of Turkey, Ibrahim Kalin, on the air of the Haberturk TV channel.

“This does not justify Russia's invasion of Ukraine. But when you look at what has happened over the past 30 years, you have to consider the causal relationship, this is the actions of the West, and the expansion of NATO. We also object to this wrong world order,»— he said.

The representative of the Turkish president believes that “in the new order, at the top of the pyramid is a superpower”, and below it are five or six “great powers”: Russia, China, Great Britain, France and Germany. “Russia began to doubt the pyramid in geostrategic and military terms, proposed to revise the terms and sign a new balance agreement in 30 years. Those who wanted to suppress those trying to get out from below said: let's go the way of conflict, — added Kalyn.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24th. President Vladimir Putin called its main goals the protection of the population of Donbass from “genocide”, as well as “demilitarization and denazification” neighboring state.

Subsequently, he stated that the special operation in Ukraine was the only way for Russia to forestall aggression against its own territory. “Everything indicated that a clash with neo-Nazis, Bandera, on whom the United States and its junior partners staked, would be inevitable. We saw the military infrastructure unfolding, how hundreds of foreign advisers began to work, there were regular deliveries of the most modern weapons from NATO countries, — Putin said.

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At the end of last year, Putin proposed to start substantive negotiations on achieving legal guarantees of NATO's non-expansion to the east. The President stressed that Russia needed legal guarantees, because the Western countries had not fulfilled their oral obligations. “Everyone is aware of the verbal assurances given that NATO will not expand eastwards,” — Putin noted, but, according to him, everything was done exactly the opposite. The President emphasized that “legitimate Russian security concerns” were ignored and are still being ignored.

Read on RBC Pro Pro The world predicts the stagnation of the IT industry. What awaits her in Russia – two trends Pro Predictions How to deal with the impostor syndrome in five steps Instructions Pro “The former is haunting me”: how to get rid of an obsessive employer Instructions Pro Live to 120 years: why the co-founder of PayPal takes growth hormone Articles Pro Is it true that air-conditioned can be easy Pro Articles Be Realistic: Techniques to Cope with Work Anxiety Pro Articles Second After Microsoft: Why Oracle Is Rising Despite the Recession Pro Articles “I'm Like a Ninja in a Street Fight”: Ray Dalio on the Impact of Meditation Articles < p> In response, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the decision on the degree of readiness of Ukraine and other states to join NATO will be made by members of the alliance, and Russia has no veto in this matter. Negotiations between Russia, the United States and NATO on the issue of security guarantees also did not bring results.

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Blinken called Russia’s losses from the ban on gold imports

Anthony Blinken. Photo: wikipedia.org.

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken named the amount that, according to Washington's calculations, Russia may lose after the G7 countries impose a ban on the import of Russian gold.

According to Blinken, this initiative will affect the second most profitable export item, after energy, which Russia has.

“That's about $19 billion,” the Secretary of State said.

He added that most of this amount came to Russia under this article from the G7 countries .

He called the deprivation of Russia of such income “significant”.

Источник www.mk.ru

“The situation in the West is becoming more and more difficult for us”

The policy of Lithuania and Poland strains the leadership of the Union State

On June 25, during a meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko in St. » the current politics of neighboring Lithuania and Poland. Noting the confrontational and aggressive nature of such a policy, Lukashenka at the same time stressed that he did not know “why they need it.” Clearly they are being “pushed,” he remarked. The question arises – why are Lithuania and Poland escalating tensions?

Photo: kremlin.ru

Relations of the Union State with Lithuania and Poland continue to develop in a negative direction. The “ulcers” in relations between Belarus and these countries began to grow significantly since 2020, when, following the pan-European Western mainstream, they not only refused to recognize Lukashenka as a legitimate president, but supported the Belarusian opposition in every possible way.

Last year, Lithuania and especially Poland were outraged by the flow of migrants from the Middle East, who illegally crossed the border of states from the Belarusian side. Poland did not like it so much that now it is actively building a wall on the border with Belarus, not sparing the relic trees of Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland naturally did not deviate from the general line of the EU and joined the sanctions against the Union State. Lithuania's openly hostile actions to ban sanctions transit to the Kaliningrad region have become another contribution of the country to the deterioration of already frankly bad relations with Russia.

Poland, in turn, can directly intervene in the situation in Ukraine by sending troops to Western regions of the country, about which Russian foreign intelligence warned back in April. In addition, it has recently become known that the Polish Ministry of Defense will purchase from France 13 PFM (Pont Flottant Motorisé – Motorized Floating Bridge) pontoon-bridge fleets for the amount of $331 million, which can be used to force heavy equipment on the Western Bug with the aim of a military invasion of Belarus.< /p>

Director of the Moscow Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST) Ruslan Pukhov commented on the current difficult situation on the western borders of Russia:

“The fact that Poland takes the most active anti-Russian position of all Russia's neighbors is quite obvious. Poland has much more resources than Lithuania, so with a certain development of the situation, we will be able to see Polish troops in Ukraine. In general, the situation in the West is becoming more and more difficult. Especially given the context of the upcoming accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO.

According to the analyst, Poland is largely acting on its own. “Given that the Biden administration is diving deeper and deeper into the Ukrainian problems, Poland now resembles a bull terrier, which the owner says is enough and pulls on the leash. And the bull terrier, in turn, gnaws the leash and continues to rush forward. It is quite obvious that the Poles now have the opportunity to speak to us about the past. After all, the Poles did not forget that they did not have their own sovereignty for 123 years, that Warsaw was part of the Russian Empire,” Pukhov believes.

The expert noted that Lithuania’s actions in unleashing a confrontation with Russia and Belarus were caused by “ game of integrity” by its political leadership, recalling how Lithuania once unilaterally went to worsen relations with China.

monarchist than the monarch himself. Lithuania has its own idea of ​​beauty. We should not forget that Lithuanians also have their own historical trauma. As you know, the Lithuanian principality lost to Moscow. In turn, the Moscow principality turned into an empire, and Lithuanian turned into such a small state. Lithuanians at the genetic level remember that once they could become a huge country. But in the end they turned into a small “bear corner”, – concluded Pukhov.

Источник www.mk.ru

The Verkhovna Rada set out to mine the border with Russia and Belarus

The initiative of Ukrainian deputies may lead to new civilian casualties

Deputies of Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party submitted a bill to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on strengthening the borders with Russia and Belarus, within which it is planned to expand the border strip, where they will equip defense equipment, including minefields.

Photo: Global Look Press

The changes will affect the Law on the State Border of Ukraine, according to the current version of which land plots 30-50 meters wide are provided for permanent use along the state border line on land, along the bank of the Ukrainian part of the border river, lake or other body of water.

40 Ukrainian parliamentarians propose to supplement this article with words about the allocation of additional territory up to two kilometers along the border line with Belarus and the Russian Federation. A special border regime will also be established, prohibiting the free entry, stay, residence, movement of persons and the performance of work not related to the defense or protection of the state border of Ukraine.

Such a strengthening of the country's borders by the Ukrainian leadership allows once again to doubt rationality of the actions of the Kyiv regime. The massive mining of one's own territory creates, first of all, a danger to its own population.

The very idea to mine the border strip for the post-Soviet space is absolutely not new. For example, in 2001-2002, engineering barriers and anti-personnel mines were installed on the Uzbek-Tajik border. According to the official version, Uzbekistan thus wanted to protect itself from the influx of militants from illegal armed groups. In 2019, it was decided to remove the mines. It has been estimated that over almost two decades, according to the National Mine Center of Tajikistan, 374 people have died and 485 have been injured.

The exact number of dead and wounded on the border on both sides is not known. But it is known that not only the military, but also quite peaceful citizens became victims of minefields every year. For example, in 2009, on the Tajik side, a husband and wife, residents of the Sughd region, died. A year earlier, a 35-year-old Tajik shepherd, a resident of the Penjikent region, Amon Turaev, was blown up. Every year, dozens of people died from mines and unexploded ordnance in Tajikistan.

In addition, Ukraine has its own sad experience of mining the Odessa beach, which, apparently, Kyiv decided not to take into account. A mine screen from an imaginary Russian landing led to the death of at least one citizen who was resting there.

If such a law is nevertheless adopted in Ukraine, it will inevitably entail new victims. The expected coverage of mining areas is not small. The length of one Belarusian-Ukrainian border is more than 1,000 km. And here it remains only to regret that in the near future it will be possible to sow and harvest crops in Ukrainian grain fields only with a mine detector.

Источник www.mk.ru

Bogatyr at the bifurcation point. Mathematicians predicted events in Ukraine

Once the Institute of Applied Mathematics named after. M. V. Keldysh RAS was created to solve problems related to nuclear energy and space exploration. But then the tasks changed. Now there, among other things, they are engaged in forecasting historical processes. For example, the situation that has developed in Ukraine since 2013 and the events taking place now were calculated by scientists using mathematical models more than 20 years ago.

Aif.ru talked about this with Head of the Nonlinear Process Modeling Department of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics.-mat. Sciences Georgy Malinetsky.

Ukrainian Lever

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: —                       can you say that you predict history?

Georgy Malinetsky: — We predict not only historical processes. Our models affect the economy, demography, and partly psychology — the whole complex of human sciences. In the 1990s, we actively modeled the education system. The results showed that the introduction of the Unified State Examination will lead to a catastrophe of the system. At that time, destructive reforms were imposed on our country: to liquidate technical schools, to leave 50 universities for the whole of Russia… We reported the results of the modeling to the government, we managed to delay the reforms for 10 years.

Other important studies dealt with the risks of natural and man-made disasters. On the territory of the country, about 50,000 dangerous and 5 thousand especially dangerous objects. Accidents on some of            can lead to the death of hundreds of thousands of people and multi-billion financial losses. In 2001, President Putininstructed the scientific community to develop measures to prevent accidents, disasters and catastrophes. We did it. The Institute of Applied Mathematics, together with other academic institutions, presented a whole program of scientific monitoring of dangerous phenomena and processes, but the government blocked it for formal reasons. And and then there was no money for it  During this time, a lot of man-made disasters have occurred in the country, suffice it to recall the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station.

— How are historical processes predicted? What, are there any special equations?

— Our main tool — mathematical models. These are simplified constructions that reflect the essence of a phenomenon or process in the clearest possible way. Yes, mathematicians write differential equations, determine the coefficients, then it's all calculated on machine.

History — difficult to model object. But it can be projected onto a certain axis, which reflects the ownership of the means of production. Then we will get historical materialism with its division into formations, from primitive communal to communist. And you can take another axis, as suggested by the American sociologist Daniel Bell, — it shows the role of science in the development of society. Then the result of the simulation will be different: until the 20th century, the development of nature took place, in the 20th century the industrial era (time of machines) began, and now there is a post-industrial era, where people are in the center of attention.

This is a new phase in the development of civilization, when they try to defeat the enemy not with bombs and missiles, but with other means — economic and humanitarian. Fighting flows into the & nbsp; mass consciousness, values ​​and & nbsp; meanings become more important than weapons. We see using the example of Ukraine, that if for 20 years schoolchildren put any nonsense into the head then you can grow up a generation that will believe that the ancient ukry gave rise to European civilization, and their main historical enemy  — this is Russia. This has never been done before, the consciousness of a large people has not been replaced by a new one in such a short period of time. This is  there are humanitarian technologies in action: it is enough to change the school curriculum — and you get conscience altered people. At the same time, little effort is made (the United States has invested only 5 billion dollars in Ukraine), and the effect is colossal. In fact, this is such a lever.

The third extra

— But how exactly it is predicted crisis in the same Ukraine, ongoing hostilities?

— Let's see what are the underlying causes of what is happening. The current model of the world economic system has outlived its usefulness. Capitalism is over, it has no future — this system has nowhere else to grow. For those who have power and money, there is only one — — hinder the development of civilization, throw it back, unleashing new wars. What they do. The elite is trying to bring humanity back to the 20th century, where there were two world wars and the global dominance of the United States. Their goal — divide the world into three zones. In "green" zone — high standard of living and advanced technologies. “Yellow” takes care of its maintenance. A in "red" the zone is unstable — there is a “wild field” and relationships at feudal level. Their idea about Russia — so that she would be in "red" zone and never got out.

In China there is an epic “Three Kingdoms”. There, three kings fight with each other, weave intrigues, conspire. Everyone strives for dominance over others. This picture is consonant with what is happening now. According to various forecasts (not only ours), the main active players of the 21st century will be those civilizations that will have a GDP of more than 20 trillion dollars and a population of more than 400 million people. Who is this? First Player — USA with its  "provinces" Mexico and Canada, second — China, third — European Union. Everyone else — these are the next level countries.

And  these three are playing  the third extra. Europe and  China would like to build an analogue of the Great Silk Road. This would sharply strengthen and                other countries that the new trade route would pass through, including Russia. But then the United States will remain superfluous, and they really don want it. And America starts its game, trying to make this path as difficult as possible. How to do it? With & nbsp; the help of military conflicts throughout its entire length. What we and observe in during the last decades. You can also recall the unrest in Kazakhstan at the beginning of this year, they are from the same series. But the Ukrainian scenario turned out to be the most effective. Moreover, it turns out that hostilities are already taking place on the territory of Europe, which is very beneficial for the United States. After all, their goal — exclude the European Union from the Trinity. The longer this military conflict lasts, the better for America.

The mathematical models that were built by scientists predicted both the fighting in Ukraine and the upcoming world famine. True, the forecast was not for 2022 year, but for one-two years later. The point is that there are certain cycles, in accordance with which the economy changes. For example, there are Kondratieff cycles, they define crises, wars and revolutions. These are cycles of technological re-equipment, they take 40-50 years.

— And what do these models predict next? And most importantly, what do they say about the future of Russia, which, unfortunately, didn not find a place in the cherished trio?

— Russia can build its own civilization, there are resources for this, but we need strong geopolitical allies. First of all, this is Latin America, which, by the way, now supports us the most.  Second — India. We can lead a new geopolitical movement — that group of countries that don want to play the top three players. Then Russia with its allies will be by itself and the — on their own  We and will have a dialogue with but nothing more.

But  to build your civilization, you need an “Iron Curtain” (we have to produce a lot on our own), the degeneration of the elite (apparently, only 5-10% understand the essence of what is happening) and a clear image of the desired future, if you like — ideology. The world, also Latin America, expects from not so much oil and gas, but news about where we go and where we call them for with them. This news is not yet available.

«Without friends I am a little bit»

— Do mathematical models speak of the need for an ideology ?

— In the clash of civilizations, this is a very important parameter, it is expressed in including through it. Much depends on how much we reject others and support our own. More Napoleonsaid that the moral factor relates to the material as 3:1. Danilevsky, Toynbee, Spengler and GumilyovThose who studied the dynamics of civilizations, their life and death, came to conclusions the key importance of ideology. There was a Soviet and Russian scientist Dmitry Chernavsky, he developed a dynamic information theory and models of language wars. From his works follows the importance of meanings and values ​​not just for the development of society, but for its survival.

And Russia has something to offer the world. Conscience, inner reflection, the ability to put oneself in the place of another have always been important for us. While in the                ) : “Die yourself, but help a comrade out!” Our imperative — conciliarity, self-organization, collective action. Hence the artels, and soviets, and collective farms. A loner in our natural realities does survive: "Without friends, I am a little bit, but with friends a lot".

The dream, the idea of ​​ heaven on earth, which can and should be built, of  children who will go further than us, has always been important for Russia. It's worth going back to. But while Russia looks like a hero who stands at a fork in front of a stone and does know where to go next.

—  in the language of science, is this called a bifurcation?

— Exactly. This is, roughly speaking, the decision point: maybe this, and maybe that way. Bifurcation — an extremely unstable state in which even small impacts can have large consequences. At the same time, unexpected and qualitative changes are possible. As the saying goes, there there not a penny, and suddenly Altyn.

Russia is now at a bifurcation point where its future is determined, the question of its existence and place in history XXI century. There is hope that as a result of the super efforts of two generations, we will be able to build a strong country. If we we were were not       we we we we would not have there  Our hopes for tomorrow determine today's reality.

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The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields

Deputies of the “Servant of the People” introduced a bill to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus They proposed to protect the borders with minefields and a special zone of 2 km ” alt=” The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields” />

People's deputies of Ukraine submitted a bill on the protection of the country's borders for consideration, follows from the information on the website.

They proposed to allocate areas along the borders with Russia and Belarus for the arrangement of protective equipment, including minefields, as well as to establish two kilometers from the borders of the special border regime. In this zone, free entry, stay, residence, movement and work that are not related to border protection will be prohibited.

The deputies came up with an initiative to simplify the procedure for the forced expulsion of illegal migrants from Ukraine. They want to give the right to make such decisions to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), the State Migration Service (SMS) and the Border Guard Service. In this case, the court will only issue orders for detention and expulsion.

The bill was introduced by 40 deputies of the Verkhovna Rada. All of them are members of President Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24. Kyiv imposed martial law and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow. Representatives of 141 countries in the UN General Assembly condemned the actions of the Russian authorities, demanded a ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops.

The country's border service reported that Russian troops crossed the Ukrainian border from Belarus with the support of the country's army. The CNN television channel then showed photos and videos of a convoy of Russian vehicles that drove through the border crossing on the border of Belarus and Ukraine.

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The President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that the Belarusian troops did not take any part in the military operation. At the same time, he later said that Ukrainian troops had deployed heavy rocket artillery near the borders, and Minsk passed this information on to Moscow. The Russian Iskander-M complexes, which were located in the Mozyr area, attacked these positions on the evening of February 23.

After that, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly stated the risk of a new offensive from Belarus. On June 25, Ukrainian intelligence spokesman Vadim Skibitsky said that Russian special forces units, together with Belarusian special operations forces, were conducting exercises. He suggested that in three to four weeks Russia could launch an attack on Ukraine from Belarus, UNIAN reported.

Lukashenko himself has repeatedly said that Russian President Vladimir Putin did not ask him to participate in the military operation. Since May, a sudden check of the reaction forces has been going on in Belarus. From June 22 to July 1, in the Gomel region, which borders Ukraine, mobilization exercises with military commissariats are to take place.

After the start of the military operation, the newly created pro-Russian administration of the Kherson region closed the border with the regions controlled by Kyiv. The newly appointed authorities of the Zaporozhye region called for the elimination of the border with Russia.

At the same time, due to the risk of sabotage, the Ministry of Emergency Situations planned to launch a pilot version of the Safe City system in a number of regions bordering Ukraine, Kommersant wrote. with reference to sources.

The software will have to use video analytics to recognize weapons, accidents or other incidents in the Crimea, Sevastopol, Voronezh and Belgorod regions, as well as in the Krasnodar Territory.

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The Ambassador of the LPR in Russia said that hundreds of civilians could remain at Azot

Earlier, Ramzan Kadyrov announced the withdrawal of all civilians who remained at the Azot plant in Severodonetsk. But, according to Rodion Miroshnik, those who came out reported that there could be hundreds more people at the enterprise

On the territory of the blocked chemical plant Azot Hundreds of civilians may remain in Severodonetsk, LPR Ambassador to Russia Rodion Miroshnik said on Telegram, referring to people evacuated from the enterprise.

“Some of those who went out said that there could be hundreds more civilians in shelters that do not communicate with each other. According to them, the militants did not have access to many of the shelters and tried in various ways to pull civilians out of the dungeons, — he wrote.

Earlier on June 25, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, reported that Russian and LPR forces had withdrawn all civilians remaining there from the plant.

According to Miroshnik, the evacuation has now been suspended due to shelling from Lisichansk. “After cleaning up the Azot industrial zone” Allied troops found civilians in the shelters of the enterprise. They have already received water, food and medicine. Some of the civilians managed to leave both the shelters and the territory of the enterprise, but a significant part remains in place. Resumed shelling prevents the exit, — he explained. The evacuation will continue “as soon as security permits.”

In early May, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the Ukrainian military had deployed on the territory of “Azot” heavy weapons and hold more than a thousand employees of the enterprise and local residents “as a” human shield “.

Later, the military stationed at the plant was blocked. Miroshnik reported that the number of civilians hiding on Azot is unknown.

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On June 12, civilians began to leave the factory, the LPR ambassador reported. “Through the second checkpoint of the Azot chemical association” civilians began to leave. This checkpoint is not controlled by militants. They are met and taken to a safe place by the fighters of the allied forces, — he explained.

On June 25, the Ministry of Defense declared full control over Severodonetsk and the suppression of the last center of resistance at Azot.

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The Cabinet of Ministers of Russia approved the draft agreement with Serbia on flight safety

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin approved a draft agreement with Serbia on improving flight safety. The order was published on the official portal of legal information.

The document was submitted by the Ministry of Transport of Russia. The project was agreed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and was also preliminary worked out with the Serbian side.

Mishustin instructed the Federal Air Transport Agency to negotiate an agreement with colleagues from Serbia.

The agreement implies that now Russia and Serbia Simplify aircraft airworthiness, flight simulator evaluations, and maintenance operations. The parties will also cooperate on maintaining the level of safety and quality of the environment.

Earlier, the Federal Air Transport Agency said that the re-registration of aircraft in the state register of the Russian Federation would not affect flight safety. According to the Ministry of Transport, most of the aircraft of Russian airlines have already been transferred to the domestic register and reinsured. 

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The forces of Russia and the LNR completely liberated Severodonetsk and Borovskoye

The allied forces of Russia and the Lugansk People's Republic completely liberated the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye, as well as the settlements of Voronovo and Sirotino. This was stated by the official representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Lieutenant-General Igor Konashenkov.

According to him, the units of LPR People's Militia with the support of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation carried out successful offensive operations, as a result of which Severodonetsk, Borovskoye, Voronovo and Sirotino were completely liberated. 

“Thus, the enemy's attempt to turn the industrial zone of the Severodonetsk enterprise “AZOT” into thwarted into a stubborn center of resistance, — said  Konashenkov, noting that now the territory of the plant is controlled by the Luhansk security forces.

It is also noted that after the complete liberation of the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye the entire left-bank territory of the Seversky Donets within the borders of the LPR came under its control .

Earlier today it was reported that the allied forces of the LPR and Russia entered Lisichansk and are fighting in the city.

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The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad

The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to the Kaliningrad region. The document is expected to be published next week. Lithuania recalled the right of veto to prevent a “serious political crisis” in the country jpg” alt=”EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad” />

Kaliningrad

The European Commission is discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from “Russia to Russia”— to the Kaliningrad region— through the EU. This was announced by the European Parliamentarian from Lithuania, Petras Auštrevičius.

“A document was born that will allow the transportation of sanctioned goods through the EU from“ Russia to Russia ”. This information was sent to Lithuania. Lithuania is not mentioned in the document, but by default it is clear that it affects Lithuania if Lithuania agrees to it,— Auštrevičius wrote on social media.

According to Auštrevičius, Lithuania has a veto power that it can use to prevent a “serious political crisis”; in the country.

He added that he sent the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, EC Vice President Josep Borrell, a letter in which he stated that “trust and credibility of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions, without exception of the Kaliningrad region».

On June 18, Lithuanian Railways stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region, as well as the export from it of a large list of goods that fall under EU sanctions. The list includes products made from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis explained this step by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17. The Kremlin considered these measures unprecedented and illegal.

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On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no talk of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomatic means. Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said that Moscow is working on a response to “hostile actions.”

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit would lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

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The head of the Agency for International and Interregional Relations of the Kaliningrad Region, Alla Ivanova, proposed supplementing the EU document 833/2014 with the concept of “Kaliningrad transit of people and goods”.

As another decision, it was proposed to exclude the phrase “including transit” from the text of the articles of the sanctions document that relate to oil products, metals, coal and other goods.

The Kremlin admitted that Lithuania could cancel the decision to restrict transit to Kaliningrad, however urged to prepare for the worst. “Let's hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. What we always do,»,— said the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov.

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Putin announced the readiness of Russia and Belarus to saturate the markets with fertilizers

According to Putin, the two countries account for 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers. The EU previously restricted the import of fertilizers from the two states, the US, in turn, excluded them from the sanctions lists

Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko

Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko the situation with the supply of food and fertilizers to world markets. According to him, Moscow and Minsk are ready to take all necessary actions to meet the needs of the markets due to interruptions in supplies.

“We are the largest fertilizer supplier to the world market <…>. You and I agreed to do everything that depends on us, to take all the actions that depend on us, in order to satisfy the demand of our consumers, our clients, — Putin said at a meeting in St. Petersburg (TASS quote).

Putin noted that 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers— it is “a very significant amount.”

After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Western countries have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow and Minsk, which have exacerbated the problem of food supplies and mineral fertilizers. In early March, the Ministry of Industry and Trade warned of the risk of a collapse in the global fertilizer market due to problems with the supply of Russian goods to foreign countries.

After that, the US Treasury excluded fertilizers, medical equipment and medicines from Russia from the sanctions list. Washington allowed the export, import and re-export of these goods. At the same time, sanctions against most Russian financial, insurance and logistics companies continue to apply.

Nevertheless, in early April, the European Union limited the import of Russian-made fertilizers: the quota for potassium chloride will be 837.57 thousand tons, while the quota for other fertilizers containing potassium will be 1.57 million tons. European countries have also adopted restrictions on the purchase of fertilizers from Belarus.

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In mid-April, Russia introduced export quotas for mineral fertilizer producers to support them amid the risk of downtime “due to low demand in the domestic market and sanctions from unfriendly states.” Nitrogen fertilizers were allowed to export about 5.7 million tons. The export quota for complex fertilizers will be about 5.6 million tons.

On May 16, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing sources, that UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed to mitigate restrictions on the export of Russian and Belarusian potash fertilizers in exchange for the passage of ships with grain from the ports of Ukraine; according to the publication, he discussed this issue with Russia and Turkey. The UN World Food Program previously reported that about 25 million tons of grain “stuck” in Ukraine due to infrastructure problems and “blocked Black Sea ports.”

Putin has previously expressed confidence that Western countries will buy Russian fertilizers because of their scarcity. “The deficit will be taken. Will. No one wants to die of hunger, & mdash; said the head of state.

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Lithuanian President opposes compromise with Russia on transit

The President of Lithuania opposed a compromise with Russia on the issue of transit to Kaliningrad The President of Lithuania called on the government to urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm Lithuania's interests, but would be painful for Russia

Gitanas Nauseda

President of Lithuania Gitanas Nauseda decided not to make concessions to Russia on the issue of transit to the Kaliningrad region.

“Lithuania must maintain and will maintain control over the goods transported through its territory, and there can be no question of any “corridors”,— he wrote in social networks.

Nauceda has already discussed the issue of transit with the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. “It is clear that Lithuania must and will apply EU sanctions,” — stressed the president.

He added that the Lithuanian government should urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm either Lithuanian interests or international agreements, but would be painful for Russia.

Lithuanian MEP Petras Auštrevičius announced earlier on June 25 that the European Commission was discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from Russia to the Kaliningrad region through the territory of the EU.

At the same time, he recalled Lithuania's right of veto, which it can apply to avert a “major political crisis” in the country.

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Austrevičius sent a letter to von der Leyen and the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, in which he stated that “trust and reliability of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions without excluding the Kaliningrad region.”

On June 25, a meeting was held between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko. During the negotiations, the President of Belarus stated that he considers Lithuania's actions to ban transit to the Kaliningrad region comparable to a declaration of war.

On June 18, Lithuania stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region for a large list of goods, explaining this measure by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17.

The list includes products from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

The Kremlin considered these measures illegal. On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no question of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomacy. hostile actions. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit will lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

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Reuters learned about the agreement by the G7 countries to ban gold imports from Russia

According to the agency, the leaders of the G7 countries agreed to a ban on the import of new gold from Russia. Earlier, Reuters reported that the EU may also include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions 756561766588347.jpg” alt=”Reuters learned of the G7 countries agreeing to ban gold imports from Russia” />

The leaders of the G7 countries (Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Japan and the United States) agreed to a ban on imports new gold from Russia, according to Reuters, citing sources.

According to the agency, on June 28, the US Treasury Department will issue a ruling to ban the import of new gold into the United States. Similar statements should be made by the finance ministries of other G7 countries, the agency writes.

On June 21, Reuters, citing sources, said that the European Union may include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions. One of the interlocutors told the agency that the European Commission is working on the inclusion of gold in a possible new package of sanctions, but it is not known whether the measure will involve a ban on the export of the metal to Russia or its import from the country.

A representative of the Danish ambassador to the EU told the agency that at a closed meeting of ambassadors last week, the Danish diplomat suggested that gold be included in the new sanctions package along with other sectors.

Russia is one of the world's largest exporters of gold. According to the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, Russian gold mining companies produced 346.4 tons of gold. Approximately 87% of this volume, or 302.2 tons, went to export, which brought in $17.4 billion, according to FCS statistics.

On February 28, the Bank of Russia resumed buying gold on the domestic precious metals market after the EU and the US blocked its assets. The regulator has not purchased this metal since March 2020. In mid-March 2022, the Central Bank suspended purchases due to increased demand for gold bullion among the population, but at the end of the month resumed them again at a fixed price.

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Ministry of Transport did not confirm ICAO concerns about aviation security in Russia

ICAO, as RBC wrote earlier, called on Russia to deal with the double registration of aircraft by September 14 – otherwise the country will be marked with a “red flag”. The Ministry of Transport announced a high level of flight safety confirmed ICAO's concerns about aviation security in Russia” />

The Ministry of Transport does not confirm the concerns of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) about flight safety in Russia, TASS writes, citing a statement from the department.

“Aircraft flight safety is ensured and maintained at a high level”, — assured in the Ministry of Transport. They noted that the same specialists continue to maintain aircraft using the same tools as before, “Russian aviation authorities confirm the compliance of aircraft transferred to the Russian register with international and Russian airworthiness requirements.”

Earlier, RBC, citing a copy of the document, the authenticity of which was confirmed by the organization's official representative Anthony Philbin, said that the ICAO has concerns regarding the double registration of Russian aircraft: because of it, there is a problem with the validity of licenses for their radio equipment and airworthiness certificates in general. The ICAO bulletin states that if the Russian authorities do not resolve this issue by September 14, information about “substantial concerns” will be lost. will become publicly available, and on the site where the results of flight safety audits are published, a “red flag” will appear opposite Russia & mdash; it is a tool for “collectively informing other countries” who can decide for themselves what to do with this information. Now problems with ensuring flight safety are officially declared in Eritrea and Bhutan.

Philbin explained that the fears are related to the violation of Art. 18 of the Chicago Convention, to which the USSR joined in 1970 (Russia became its successor, including under this agreement). According to this article, an aircraft cannot be legally registered in more than one State.

The Federal Air Transport Agency rejected any concerns about the safety of Russian aircraft and said that there was no evidence of non-compliance of aircraft with ICAO requirements. In April, the regulator accused “unfriendly countries” of in making decisions that called into question the system based on the provisions of the Chicago Convention.

Russian airlines began to actively register Western aircraft in the national register after the introduction of international sanctions against the industry due to the military operation in Ukraine.

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The EU, the USA and other countries closed their airspace to Russian aircraft, and more than 20 carriers ended up on the so-called EU black list.

The authorities of Bermuda and Ireland have suspended the airworthiness certificates of aircraft of Russian companies, and the US Federal Aviation Administration has downgraded the safety rating for Russian airlines, as Rosaviatsia does not comply with ICAO safety standards.

Due to restrictions, leasing agreements were terminated for more 700 foreign aircraft. According to Transport Minister Vitaly Savelyev, as of March 22, 78 aircraft were registered abroad. By June 15, more than 600 aircraft have been transferred to the Russian registry since the beginning of 2022— mainly Airbus and Boeing. At the same time, the Bermuda aviation authorities reported that the same number of Russian aircraft is still registered on the islands. Due to double registration, several companies have had problems with flights to China. As RBC's source in one of these companies explained, the carriers were unable to document that imported aircraft were officially deregistered abroad. Therefore, the Chinese authorities, in compliance with international aviation law, refused to fly.

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