The price of a deed is life. What was the task of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya?

The weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 47. Why there are fewer fish, birds and animals 24/11/2021 The plot of the Great Patriotic War war

80 & nbsp; years ago, 29 & nbsp; November 1941 & nbsp; g., in & nbsp; the village of Petrishchevo sounded the words: “ No matter how many & nbsp; hang us, do not & nbsp; hang everyone, we are 200 & nbsp; million. But & nbsp; for & nbsp; our comrades will take revenge on you. ''

These were the last words of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya … She pronounced them & nbsp; already with a & nbsp; noose on & nbsp; neck. & Nbsp; the next second, a box was kicked out from under her feet, and & nbsp; the noose tightened. It was this version of Zoya's death that prevailed in the & nbsp; late USSR & nbsp; & mdash; without much detail. Which later did a disservice, giving unscrupulous people a reason to arrange a whole parade of “ revelations ''. Say, “ the most guarded Soviet secret was & nbsp; the fact that many fellow villagers reacted to & nbsp; Zoya's death without sympathy. '' & Nbsp;

Painting of the execution of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, painted by the Kukryniksy in 1947. Photo: Public Domain

Indeed, when Kosmodemyanskaya was brought to the & nbsp; gallows, one of the & nbsp; residents of the village of Petrishchevo, Agrafen Smirnov , hit her & nbsp; feet with a stick, shouting: “Who have you hurt?” They burned my house down, but & nbsp; did nothing to the Germans … & raquo; & nbsp;

Direct forgery

However, it was not a secret in & nbsp; during the war and & nbsp; in the & nbsp; time after the war. About & nbsp; the act of Smirnova and & nbsp; about & nbsp; her trial in & nbsp; September 1942 & nbsp; writer Pavel Nilin prepared an essay with & nbsp; characteristic title “ Meanness ''. Where, by the way, it was mentioned that Kosmodemyanskaya also burned the huts of the Karelovs and & nbsp; Solntsevs: “ Hit her, & nbsp; & mdash; said the German officer Ivan Solntsev … & mdash; & nbsp; She burned your hut … '' Ivan Yegorovich Solntsev, an old collective farmer, a Russian man, looked at the & nbsp; tortured Russian girl and & nbsp; said nothing. Then the Germans called Agrafena Smirnova, and & nbsp; the old woman, in & nbsp; rage, hit the girl. Hit once and & nbsp; another. And & nbsp; swung at & nbsp; the third time, spewing foul curses. But & nbsp; then a Russian woman Praskovya Petrushina appeared and & nbsp; blocked the girl with her body. Agrafena Smirnova and & nbsp; her & nbsp; accomplice Fedosya Solina , who incited fellow villagers to & nbsp; beat Zoya, were tried and & nbsp; shot. As well as the & nbsp; headman Semyon Sviridov , who gave Zoya to the Germans.

Then this episode from the & nbsp; story of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya dropped out. About & nbsp; the fact that there were no “ many fellow villagers '' condemning Kosmodemyanskaya was forgotten. But the words “ she burned down the house, but & nbsp; did nothing to the Germans & nbsp; '' have become a little & nbsp; is not & nbsp; the banner of those who question her & nbsp; feat. This can make an impression on gullible people, especially when it comes to the & nbsp; “ suffering of civilians who, as a result of Zoe's actions, were left homeless in winter. ''

In & nbsp; these words and & nbsp; lies a forgery that distorts the idea of ​​& nbsp; what happened in & nbsp; those & nbsp; days. Civilians were indeed left homeless in winter. But & nbsp; not & nbsp; in & nbsp; as a result of the actions of Zoe and & nbsp; other fighters of sabotage groups. Better than others, witnesses and & nbsp; witnesses from both & nbsp; and & nbsp; from & nbsp; can tell about this.

Legitimate goals

“ It was on the & nbsp; Russian front in & nbsp; November 1941 & nbsp; g. Our battalion withdrew to the & nbsp; village of Petrishchevo, & nbsp; a few kilometers from the & nbsp; front. We & nbsp; were happy to rest and & nbsp; occupied the hut. The Russian family was put on the & nbsp; street. As soon as we took a naps, the alarm went up: four huts were on fire … '' This is the testimony of a captured non-commissioned officer of the 10th company of the 332nd regiment of the 197th Wehrmacht division Karl Beyerlein .

“ The Germans kicked us out of the houses with rifle butts. In & nbsp; every hut their & nbsp; was packed. '' “ Mom took us with & nbsp; sis on a & nbsp; sled to & nbsp; Zlatoustovo. And & nbsp; when we & nbsp; returned, the Germans at & nbsp; we already made bunk bunks to sleep, & nbsp; & mdash; there was no place for us & nbsp; left. “ When they set fire to the Karelovs' house next to & nbsp; and & nbsp; a shed with & nbsp; horses near it, the Germans jumped out half-dressed. '' These are the memories of the inhabitants of the village of Petrishchevo. It is clear that they could not & nbsp; and & nbsp; and that means the picture is true. It was the Germans who drove the locals out of & nbsp; houses in & nbsp; frost, leaving them & nbsp; homeless. It was the Germans who considered themselves the owners of the houses & nbsp; & mdash; just by & nbsp; right of conquest. It turns out that Zoya was destroying houses that actually belonged to the enemy.

So, the group of fighters, which Zoya entered, by the first entry into the village of Petrishchevo, managed to set fire to three residential buildings, packed to capacity by the Nazis, and & nbsp; one barn. Is it a lot or a little? Someone, maybe, and & nbsp; is not enough. But & nbsp; let's compare the result of this raid of several Red Army men of the reconnaissance and sabotage military unit 9903 & nbsp; with the results of their & nbsp; colleagues. For example, with the & nbsp; results of the raid of the Special Forces of the Western Front, which was formed by Georgy Zhukov on the & nbsp; base of the Airborne Reserve battalion of the Military Council in & nbsp; October 1941 & nbsp; city & nbsp; and & nbsp; totaled 600 & nbsp; people. This is what the senior political instructor of this unit Ignatiy Strigunov said : “ Arriving at the & nbsp; destination on November 26 & nbsp;, the fighters immediately & nbsp; received a task for & nbsp; two days & nbsp; & mdash; destroy several villages where the Germans settled … In just & nbsp; during the march, the detachment burned 62 & nbsp; houses where the Germans settled, destroyed the headquarters of the German division in the & nbsp; village of Petrovskoe … & raquo; & nbsp;

By & nbsp; everything turns out that Zoe's group and & nbsp; she herself acted hardly & nbsp; was not & nbsp; more effective than experienced saboteurs, armed with machine guns, machine guns, grenades, automatic rifles and & nbsp; even rifles – “ silent ''; with & nbsp; devices of flameless-silent shooting. At & nbsp; Zoya's disposal was only a revolver and & nbsp; bottles with & nbsp; Molotov cocktails …

But & nbsp; this was only Zoya's first visit to & nbsp; Petrishchevo. Group Leader Boris Krainov considered the task completed. In the & nbsp; principle, he & nbsp; had reason to believe so. Recall & nbsp; & mdash; on the account of the group there are three houses and a barn, where there were 20 & nbsp; horses. However, Zoe returned to continue the sabotage. What for? Is it really out of & nbsp; love of & nbsp; arson or misunderstood heroism?

A few lines from the & nbsp; “ Act of interrogation of witnesses to the execution of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, drawn up on January 25, 1942 in & nbsp; d. Petrishchevo, Gribtsovsky Village Council, Vereisky District, Moscow Region '': '' German soldiers caught her & nbsp; at & nbsp; that & nbsp; time when she was performing a combat mission & nbsp; & mdash; set fire to the stable, in & nbsp; of which there were more than 300 & nbsp; horses. The German sentry grabbed her & nbsp; from behind, and & nbsp; she did not & nbsp; had time to shoot.

The calm before the storm

In & nbsp; Wehrmacht sample 1941 & nbsp; g. there were 1 & nbsp; million horses. & nbsp; 90% of & nbsp; them were assigned to & nbsp; infantry divisions. In terms of the number of horses, the standard German division was twice as large as the rifle division of the Red Army. This explains the speed of movement of the Germans. The mobility of the Wehrmacht in the & nbsp; Battle for & nbsp; Moscow was provided by horses. It was no coincidence that Zoya chose the “ stable, where there were more than 300 & nbsp; horses '' as her next target. This suggests & nbsp; the fact that she perfectly understood the meaning of the sabotage operation & nbsp; & mdash; strike at & nbsp; including & nbsp; on & nbsp; mobility of Germans. Apparently, commander of military unit 9903 Artur Sprogis acted in & nbsp; in strict accordance with & nbsp; order of the Headquarters No. & nbsp; 0428 dated & nbsp; 17 & nbsp; November 1941 & nbsp; g .: “ To destroy settlements, select the most courageous and & nbsp; strong in & nbsp; politico-moral terms of soldiers, commanders and & nbsp; them & nbsp; tasks and & nbsp; the significance of this event for the defeat of the German army. Zoya's persistence in achieving this goal is also explained by the fact that the regiment's headquarters was located in Petrishchev and & nbsp; also a communications center, whose tasks were to track the radio exchange of Soviet troops. & Nbsp;

And & nbsp; now remember the date. Zoya was captured on the evening of November 28 & nbsp; They tortured all night. And & nbsp; hung on the morning of November 29 & nbsp;. These were the days of calm before the storm, before the famous Soviet counter-offensive, which will begin on December 5 & nbsp; In & nbsp; conditions of preparation of a major operation, communications and & nbsp; enemy mobility & nbsp; & mdash; targets on which & nbsp; must be struck. At any cost. Zoya decided that her & nbsp; life would be the price.


SpaceX plans to launch a new group of Internet satellites Starlink

The American company SpaceX intends to launch another batch of Starlink Internet satellites into orbit in the middle of the coming week, Interfax reports.

It is reported that this will be the 33rd launch of the group into orbit Internet satellites since May 2019 as part of the Starlink project. At the moment, the orbital constellation consists of 1842 spacecraft

The heavy Falcon 9 launch vehicle with 53 mini-satellites weighing about 290 kg should launch from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral in Florida on December 1 at 18:20 time US East Coast (December 2 at 02:20 Moscow time).

Recall that the Starlink network is designed to provide the inhabitants of the Earth with broadband Internet access. In total, the American company is going to deploy 11,000 satellites in orbit. The total cost of this project is estimated at ten billion dollars.


Axios learns of Germany’s request to the US over Nord Stream 2

According to Axios, the German authorities have asked the US Congress to abandon the introduction of new sanctions against Nord Stream 2. At the same time, Berlin assured that they had invented new levers of pressure on Russia

Receiving terminal of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline on the coast in Lubmin near Greifswald

The German Embassy in Washington has called on the US Congress not to impose restrictive measures against the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. This is reported by Axios with reference to an unofficial document that came into its possession.

According to the portal, the German authorities told their American colleagues that the imposition of sanctions against the gas pipeline and related directly or indirectly, companies will weaken confidence in the United States and “ ultimately harm transatlantic unity. ''

The document says that now the pipeline does not pose a threat to Ukraine, “ as long as reasonable gas transit is guaranteed '' through this country. It also suggested that possible US sanctions against Nord Stream 2 could be a “victory for [Russian President Vladimir] Putin,” as the restrictions would discord relations with Western allies.

In addition, the document notes that Germany is determined to implement the July 21 agreement with the United States on supporting Ukraine, energy security and climate goals, in order to strengthen both Ukrainian and European energy security and “ deter Russia from abusing the pipeline in aggressive political purposes. '' “ Unilateral action by the US Congress could undermine these joint efforts and seriously weaken the transatlantic unity on the subject of Russia, '' & mdash; are excerpts from the document.

It states that Nord Stream 2 In no way did he soften Berlin's policy towards Moscow, and that “ the rise in energy prices is a global phenomenon and cannot be solely caused by Russia. ''

At the same time, the document, dated November 19, describes the steps that the Federal Republic of Germany will take at the national level, including “ strong public statements '' condemning Russia's behavior. According to Axios, the German government will also “assess [the possibility of] limiting or, if necessary, suspending certain bilateral political meetings or certain formats of cooperation with Russia.” In addition, as the document says, Berlin will “ review possible limitations '' for future Russian fossil fuel projects.

On November 9, a group of Republican senators launched a new initiative that calls for sanctions against Nord Stream 2. US lawmakers have proposed an appropriate amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal 2022. If the amendment is adopted, no later than 15 days after that, US President Joe Biden will have to impose sanctions against “ any organization responsible for planning the project, construction and operation of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, as well as against the main shareholder of such companies. In fact, we are talking about the company Nord Stream 2 AG & mdash; “ daughter '' Gazprom and the project operator. It was created for the planning, construction and subsequent operation of the gas pipeline.

In July, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and US President Joe Biden signed an agreement that would allow Russia to complete Nord Stream 2. Berlin promised to advocate for the introduction of sanctions against Russia if Moscow uses gas transit as an instrument of pressure on other countries, including Ukraine.

Nord Stream 2 completed in September. It was supposed to be ready at the end of 2019, but the work was prevented by US sanctions. Because of them, some of the foreign partners left the project. According to Gazprom, the pipeline is ready for launch. For this, Nord Stream 2 AG must obtain approval from the German and then the European regulator. In Germany, the decision must be made by January 8, 2022, then the European Commission (EC) will consider it within two months. The EC also has the right to extend the term for another two months & mdash; until May 8, 2022, Bloomberg reported.

At the end of summer, exchange gas prices in Europe began to rise sharply, and in mid-autumn they reached record levels. So, on August 30, the price for 1 thousand cubic meters. m was $ 600, September 15 & mdash; $ 970, and on October 6, it peaked at $ 1969. At the end of October, Putin, who had earlier blamed the jump in fuel prices as “ harsh rash actions '' and mistakes made by the EU authorities, instructed Gazprom start planned work to increase the volume of gas in European storage facilities. After that, gas prices dropped to almost $ 800 per 1,000 cubic meters. m.

In the EU, the sharp increase in gas prices was associated with the actions of Gazprom. The Russian company refused to book additional capacities for the transit of gas through Ukraine for August, September and October and bought only a third of the proposed transit capacity of the Yamal gas pipeline & mdash; Europe, which goes through the territory of Belarus and Poland, in October. A group of MEPs said that Gazprom could provoke price fluctuations to speed up the launch of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which is awaiting approval from German and European regulators. At Gazprom itself these accusations were denied and they stated that the gas volumes were in accordance with the concluded contracts.

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The Sun: Russia and China may want to “rein in America on multiple fronts”

Photo: UNAMID Photo:

Russian expert Isabelle Soukins told The Sun that military cooperation between Russia and China could turn into a catastrophe for the West.

“Cooperation between China and Russia and the common concern that unites them about the actions of the West is a really terrifying prospect,” Soukins believes.

The expert drew attention to the economic strength of the PRC. At the same time, Moscow and Beijing are strengthening their cooperation amid exercises conducted by the United States near Russia's western borders.

Soukins believes that if Russia and China unite, they will want to “rein in America on several fronts.”/p>

The expert also noted that the EU will not be able to stay away from this conflict. The States will ask European countries to become allies against the unification of the RF-PRC.


Former US Secretary of Defense Esper filed a lawsuit against the Pentagon


Former US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper has filed a lawsuit in federal court for the Metropolitan District of Columbia over a ban on the publication of a significant part of his memoirs, in which he tells about his work in the administration of President Donald Trump. This was reported by the New York Times.

It is clarified that in May the ex-minister, dismissed by Trump after his defeat in the presidential election, wants to publish a book called The Sacred Oath. In his memoirs, Esper tells about “the complete history of our nation, in its difficult periods.”

“Under the pretext of secrecy, the Pentagon removes a significant portion of the text from publication, despite the fact that it is necessary for telling important stories that are affected me in my memoirs, “the publication quotes the ex-minister.

In the suit, Esper accuses the current US administration of infringing on” constitutional rights protected by the first amendment “on freedom of speech.


Israel and Britain oppose the development of nuclear weapons in Iran


The Foreign Ministers of Britain and Israel announced that they will work” round the clock “to prevent Iran become a nuclear power.

Earlier, Liz Truss and Yair Lapid wrote a joint article for the British press, in which they talked about the Iranian nuclear program. The material was published in the Telegraph newspaper.

“In order to prevent the Iranian regime from ever becoming a nuclear power, we are ready to work around the clock. Now the world community needs to work closely together to thwart Tehran's ambitions, “the foreign ministers added.

Recall that on Monday, Israel and Britain will sign an agreement on cybersecurity, technology, defense and trade.


Latvian Prime Minister called on the EU and NATO to send a signal to Russia regarding Ukraine

Latvian Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins believes that Russia should receive a signal from the European Union and NATO regarding a possible escalation against Ukraine. He stated this at a press conference in Riga after a meeting with European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.


“It is important that the European Union and NATO monitor the situation near Ukraine's borders and give Russia a signal that in the event of an escalation, very clear consequences are expected,” he said.

Karins added that another hybrid threat in Europe is the migration crisis on the border of Belarus with Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.


Third case of omicron strain detected in UK

Plot of a novel coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

The UK Health Safety Agency announced the detection of a third case in the country with the new omicron coronavirus strain, reports BBC News.

It is reported that the infection was found in London from a person who has traveled to South Africa. It is noted that the infected person has already left the UK.

Recall that the new strain of coronavirus omicron & nbsp; was identified in Botswana. Later, those infected with this type of virus were registered in South Africa and other countries. According to experts, numerous changes in its genome indicate a high transmissibility of this variant and resistance to protective antibodies of those who have been ill and vaccinated.


Russian Aerospace Forces will receive new aircraft with hypersonic weapons

New aircraft with hypersonic weapons will be put on combat duty in the aviation units of the Russian Aerospace Forces next year, Krasnaya Zvezda reports.

said the deputy commander-in-chief of the Aerospace Forces, Lieutenant General Andrei Yudin.

He noted that next year the department will put on combat alert advanced models of weapons, military and special equipment, including those with hypersonic weapons.

According to the lieutenant general, within the framework of the state defense order for 2022, it is planned to purchase more than 200 units of the main samples of military and military equipment.

Yudin also noted that next year was declared the year of flight training in aviation military units, and for the air defense, missile defense and space forces – a year of combat duty.

Earlier it was also reported that in 2026 serial production of the Russian fifth generation Checkmate fighter will be launched. The first flight of the aircraft is scheduled for 2023.


Wilfand told what winter will be in European Russia

The scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand said that frosts down to minus 20 degrees and a thaw are forecasted in the coming winter in European Russia, RIA Novosti reports.

temperatures, and in the short term there can be real frosts … Such fluctuations are associated with climate warming. When the climate warms, the amplitude of fluctuations increases '', & mdash; he said.

Earlier, Vilfand warned that weather anomalies await residents of the European part of Russia in the coming days.

According to the forecaster, in the central part of European Russia at the very end of November, temperatures of five degrees above normal.

At the same time, abnormal cold is expected in the north of European Russia & mdash; frosts can reach minus 20 degrees.


Scientists from Russia have solved one of the mysteries of the Scythian world


3 of 3 Scythian arrowhead, VI – V centuries. BC 1 of 3 Scythian mirror of the first half of the 6th century BC 2 of 3 Scythian arrowhead (amulet), 6th – 5th centuries BC 3 of 3 Scythian arrowhead, 6th – 5th centuries BC

“The new finds allow us to expand the northern border of the cultural influence of the Scythians by at least 300 kilometers. – reserve “Kulikovo field” Evgeny Stolyarov.

Local tribes, according to scientists, were inferior to the more southern Scythian artisans, but they were guided by them when creating their own style. This is evidenced, for example, by the unique horn handle of a dagger found during excavations – it exactly repeats a rare type of bimetallic Scythian daggers, which local craftsmen, apparently, could not make of metal. Where did the Scythians come from and who did they become?

The Scythians at that time, according to scientists, were the brightest culture of the northern Black Sea region, which had a huge influence on all its neighbors. The Scythian world stretched from the mouth of the Danube in the west to Xinjiang in the east, but the question of the northern boundaries of its cultural influence, by and large, remained a mystery to scientists.

“Forest and forest-steppe territories bordering on the Scythian steppes, many centuries to one degree or another were covered by the “veil of the cultural traditions of the nomads.” Often, the Scythians, apparently, acted as conductors of cultural and technological innovations, and their military affairs became a source of inspiration for many younger peoples, “said Evgeny Stolyarov.

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Vucic announced attempts to oust Russia from the European gas market

According to the Serbian President, the Europeans are not launching Nord Stream 2 due to US pressure, while Europe does not have enough gas. He added that thanks to the price set by Moscow, Belgrade saved about € 1 billion

Alexander Vucic and Vladimir Putin

Russia is facing problems in the natural gas market in Europe, Serbian President Alexander Vucic told Pink TV.

“ Russians have a problem they don't talk about. Namely & mdash; they are trying to squeeze them out politically so that they do not have gas in Europe '', & mdash; said the head of state.

According to Vucic, Europe lacks 70 billion cubic meters. blue fuel, with 55 billion cubic meters. m is provided for the passage through the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline. The pipeline, he said, “ won't start due to American pressure. ''

The head of Serbia added that she saved about € 1 billion due to the gas price set at a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi on November 25.

The contract for the supply of gas from Russia to Serbia has been in effect since 2012 and expires at the end of 2021. Since 2017, the volume of supplies has increased from 1.5 billion to 2 billion cubic meters. m per year. Serbia is now buying Russian gas at $ 270 per 1,000 cubic meters. m. At a meeting in Sochi, the presidents agreed to extend the gas contract for six months on the same terms. The indicated price is considered one of the lowest. More favorable conditions, in particular, from Belarus, which buys gas at $ 127 per 1,000 cubic meters. m.

At the end of the meeting, Vucic said that he considers the price of $ 270 per 1,000 cubic meters. m “ incredible ''; Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selakovic called the agreement on gas supplies, which Moscow and Belgrade concluded, historic.

Gas prices in Europe began to rise in April, and in early October reached a record $ 1,969,000 . for 1 thousand cubic meters. m. Then a decline followed. On November 16, the market value of gas in Europe exceeded $ 1,000.

Nord Stream 2 completed in September. It was supposed to be ready at the end of 2019, but the work was prevented by US sanctions. Because of this, some of the foreign partners left the project. As stated in Gazprom, the pipeline is ready for launch. Now the operator of Nord Stream 2 AG must obtain the approval of the German and then the European regulator.

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Authorities discussed the new name of the document with QR codes

The authorities are discussing options for the name of the document for the vaccinated and ill with Covid. At the same time, the use of the term “QR-code” is planned to be minimized due to the generally negative attitude of citizens towards it

The Kremlin and the government are discussing the possible names of the document, according to which the citizens who have a medical rejection from vaccination will be able to visit public places when restrictions are imposed due to the coronavirus epidemic. Two sources close to the presidential administration and an interlocutor close to the government told RBC about this.

At the same time, the authorities plan to minimize the use of the term “ QR code '' in public rhetoric, two sources close to the Kremlin said.

QR code & mdash; it is only a tool for transmitting information, such as a flash drive, a federal official told RBC. Using the QR code, you can find out information about a person's vaccination or previous illness. The document itself, which allows you to significantly expand covid restrictions, should be called something else, he adds.

At present, with the help of sociological research, various options are being tested of what name might be used in Russia for a document for vaccinated and officially ill citizens when restrictions are imposed, RBC sources say. Among the options being discussed, according to two interlocutors of RBC, & mdash; health passport, health certificate, green passport (Green pass), 'kovipass', 'sanitary passport' etc.

At the round table of the Expert Institute for Social Research (EISR), close to the internal political bloc of the Kremlin, which took place on November 18 and was devoted to the international experience of using QR codes and their application in Russia, the participants stated, among other things, that the QR code system has been introduced in many countries, but other names are used in the public space. For example, Health pass, Covid Save Ticket, Green pass, etc.

Most likely, the final name of the document, on which the Russian authorities will stop, will be officially fixed, says one of the sources: this can be done by amendments to the second reading of draft laws on QR codes or by a document from the headquarters for combating coronavirus.

In government bills that suggest the possibility of introducing QR codes on air and rail transport, as well as in public places, the abstract term “ documentation '' is now used, which confirms the vaccination, the presence of contraindications to it, or the fact of a past illness. The documentation 'contains a two-dimensional barcode (QR code)', the bills say.

Many people perceive negatively the term QR code itself, says one of the interlocutors of RBC, referring to closed social studies that show that slightly more than 50% of Russians have a negative attitude towards it, & mdash; among them, both vaccinated and not vaccinated, with a possible increase in the number of negative attitudes. Some people consider the phrase “ QR code '' satanic, someone perceives him through the prism of limiting freedoms, explains the interlocutor of RBC.

“ In the history of our country, there was a lot of all this: '666, the number of the beast' '' mdash; popular images among not very educated Orthodox. & hellip; A little earlier, people had a categorical rejection of the INN & hellip; Now everyone has an INN, and nothing terrible has happened. It's the turn of QR codes & raquo;, & mdash; said in an interview with RBC, the head physician of the psychiatric hospital. Alekseeva (formerly & mdash; Kashchenko Hospital), Moscow's chief freelance psychiatrist Georgy Kostyuk, explaining the reasons for Russians' fears of vaccination and denial of the pandemic.

According to him, “ … people admit that someone has learned to do what seemed inaccessible yesterday. '' “ & hellip; Someone thought real conspiracy the idea that Bill Gates developed the chips [and implants them into people along with the vaccine]. Next & mdash; this is already a matter of technology. Who knows what 5G is? What if it is something that is really capable of [infecting the coronavirus]? In addition, viruses are also digital. It is not difficult to convince yourself of this if you initially took a position on the creation of a digital gulag and other similar theories '', & mdash; explained Kostyuk.

The very name 'QR code', and why this name is used, is not clear to citizens: 'This does not correspond to the social practice of people from the point of view of everyday life … Use of the term 'QR code' increases alertness, can be intimidating and generate negative connotations in people who are already anxious about innovations, seeing them as various threats, '' & mdash; says Viktor Poturemsky, director of political analysis at the Institute of Social Marketing. If the authorities use, for example, the word “ passport '', then it will be much clearer: “ Everyone, even small children, knows what a passport is, '' & mdash; says the expert.

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Virgil Abloh dead at 41

Virgil Abloh dead at 41
The beloved designer passed away after a private battle with cancer.

By Jordan Darville

November 28, 2021

Virgil Abloh. Photo by Bogdan Plakov.


Virgil Abloh, the iconic streetwear designer behind Off-White, has died. He was 41. A statement from LVMH, the luxury conglomerate where Abloh worked as the artistic director of Louis Vuitton, revealed that Abloh had been “battling privately” with cancer “for several years,” and passed away on Sunday.


LVMH, Louis Vuitton and Off White are devastated to announce the passing of Virgil Abloh, on Sunday, November 28th, of cancer, which he had been battling privately for several years.

— LVMH (@LVMH) November 28, 2021


An artist who succeeded in bringing streetwear to the highest echelons of fashion, Abloh was considered a visionary for much of his career. He first came to global prominence in 2010 when Kanye West, with whom Abloh interned at Fendi the year prior, made him creative director of his creative agency Donda. In 2011, his art direction for West and JAY-Z’s album Watch The Throne received a Grammy nomination. The following year, his line Pyrex Vision stirred acclaim, controversy, and undeniable influence with its $40 Polo shirts screen-printed and resold for $550.

In 2013, Abloh founded Off-White, the company that would solidify his growing prestige in the fashion world. Abloh was nominated for the LVMH Prize for Young Fashion Designers in 2015, the only American nominated that year, and Off-White storefronts around the world soon followed. 2018 saw Abloh named as artistic director at Louis Vuitton. “I now have a platform to change the industry,” Abloh, the first African American to hold the role, told GQ at the time. “So I should.”

His career would be marked with dozens of collaborations with some of the biggest brands in the world, including Nike and Ikea, but Abloh never lost an intense enthusiasm for and engagement with the world of hip-hop. An avid DJ who played festivals around the world, Abloh would oversee the art direction for rap projects such as Kanye West’s My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy and Yeezus, Lil Uzi Vert’s Luv Is Rage 2, and A$AP Rocky’s Long.Live.ASAP. He released his debut EP ORVNGE, a collaboration with Boys Noize, in 2018.


“I’m always ­trying to prove to my 17-year-old self that I can do creative things I thought weren’t possible,” Abloh told W Magazine in a 2017 profile. “Everything I do references something that influenced me.”

This is a breaking news story. More information will be added to the post as it develops.


Hong Kong toughens quarantine for citizens arriving from Africa

Hong Kong authorities have decided to tighten quarantine measures against passengers from eight countries in southern Africa, the newspaper & nbsp; Dimsum Daily reported.

Since November 28, citizens arriving from South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini , Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe are due to undergo their first week of quarantine at a dedicated government quarantine center. They can spend the remaining two weeks in hotels.

This decision was made against the background of the detection of a new strain of the omicron coronavirus. Two cases have already been recorded in Hong Kong. One was imported, the other occurred in a quarantine hotel at the airport: a passenger from South Africa infected a traveler from Canada. It is noted that both patients were vaccinated.

Earlier, the authorities of Germany, Austria and the Netherlands reported about the probable detection of cases of a new variant of & nbsp; COVID-19.

Recall that Russia will restrict entry of foreigners living in Hong Kong and nine countries of southern Africa. & nbsp; Read details & nbsp; in the material of


More than 20% of Russians called the profession of a deputy the most overrated

During the survey, the Russians told what professions they consider the most overvalued in the country. The results of & nbsp; research service SuperJob cites & nbsp; RT.

22% of 1600 respondents spoke about unjustifiably high salaries of deputies and politicians. Russians also consider the work of civil servants to be overvalued (14%). The third place was taken by top managers, whose salaries are considered too high by the respondents (9%). & Nbsp;

managers (4%). Bloggers' fees were considered too high by 2% of respondents. & Nbsp;

Another 16% said that realtors, bankers, hairdressers, lawyers, psychologists, coaches, builders and dentists receive unreasonably high salaries . & nbsp;

Only 4% of citizens voiced the opinion that any work should be well paid. & nbsp;

Earlier it was reported that Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to ensure a decent level of salaries for public sector employees. He said that they should receive payments in the amount provided for in the May 2012 decrees.


Dazzling MiG. A fighter from the 70s will be made the most dangerous in the world

Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko reported deep & nbsp; modernization of MiG-31 fighter-interceptors. Overhaul of these aircraft with improvement to the level of MiG-31BM is being carried out & nbsp; at the aircraft plant 'Sokol' In Nizhniy Novgorod. It is assumed that the modernization will significantly increase the combat capabilities, it will be able to destroy any air targets & mdash; ranging from drones and cruise missiles to hypersonic aircraft.

Overhaul with modernization of each aircraft takes about a year. During this time, the interceptors completely change the on-board equipment, the cockpit canopy, and the wiring. The glider, which is made of titanium, is being tidied up. This metal has an almost unlimited resource, however, some aircraft require replacement of the coating. The integration of modern aviation weapons is also being carried out. In particular, the mechanical control system is changed to a fly-by-wire, for which on-board computers are installed on board.

Previously, discussions were held on the fate and timing of the decommissioning of these interceptors. In particular, they consume a lot of fuel – full refueling – about 15-odd tons, about 10 tons are spent per hour. & Nbsp; The State Duma Defense Committee even held special hearings on the MiG-31. As a result, they still began to modernize. This began in 2011, and is currently undergoing repairs to the combatant and in reserve MiG-31B to the level of the MiG-31BM. Under two contracts, the Ministry of Defense ordered the improvement of a total of 114 interceptors for the Aerospace Forces and the Navy. The improved MiG-31BM received an updated radar that allows you to see the enemy at a distance of up to 320 km and destroy them with long-range missiles at a distance of 280 km. The new weapon control system made it possible to equip the vehicle with more modern ammunition. Currently, the development of ultra-long-range air-to-air ammunition is underway for the interceptors.

In 2018, the MiG corporation completed the creation of a special modification of the MiG-31K. Its feature is the equipment with hypersonic aeroballistic missiles “ Dagger '' to attack ground targets. The fighter received new on-board equipment, an increased fuel supply, and special communications equipment. Since 2018, ten MiG-31Ks have been on experimental combat duty in the Southern Military District.

MiG-31 & mdash; fighter-interceptor developed by the USSR for air combat in the 70s of the last century. It is the largest aircraft of this class in service with the countries of the world. All the MiG-31BM in service were built in the late 1980s & mdash; early 1990s. Their service life is limited to 2.5 thousand flight hours; the issue of extending it by a thousand hours is currently being considered, which will allow the interceptors to remain in service at least until the mid-2030s. By that time, the MiG will become one of the oldest types of combat aircraft in service with the Russian Aerospace Forces.

Due to its mass of more than 46 tons, the aircraft is classified differently than conventional fighters. The pilot of a two-seater aircraft, the only one in operational-tactical aviation, is officially called the ship's commander. Only pilots of heavy bombers and transport aircraft have this privilege. & Nbsp;

The MiG-31 still bears the title of the fastest fighter in the world. Maximum flight speed & ndash; 3 thousand kilometers per hour. The aircraft is designed to intercept and destroy targets, including cruise and ballistic missiles, at extremely low, medium and high altitudes in simple and difficult weather conditions. Earlier, foreign experts drew attention to & nbsp; for the expanded arsenal of MiG-31BM and MiG-31BSM interceptors, including the new R-74M short-range air-to-air missile, which makes the MiG-31 one of the most versatile aircraft.

Today & nbsp; The MiG-31BM is considered the most effective fighter in aerial combat. It is second only to the aircraft of the fifth generation Su-57. By 2030, Russia is set to commission an entirely new class of interceptors. It is expected that the upcoming sixth generation of MiG-41 fighters will be able to fight even in near space. The interceptor will be able to fly at hypersonic speeds, twice as fast as the current MiG-31.

The Soviet Union also existed & nbsp; program to modernize interceptors, but the collapse of the USSR prevented the implementation of the MiG-31M, the project was canceled in 1995 after several successful flight tests due to the economic situation in Russia. The MiG-31 was more expensive to manufacture than the Su-27. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia decided to focus on universal models. Although the Su-27 was inferior in terms of characteristics to the MiG-31, it was easier to adapt it for various military tasks.


Hill learns of the reluctance of the US authorities to tighten sanctions against Nord Stream

Secretary of State Anthony Blinken calls on Democratic senators to block the corresponding amendment to the defense budget. The Biden administration wants to avoid tougher sanctions, as it fears discontent from Germany

The administration of US President Joe Biden opposes the imposition of tougher sanctions on the Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, as it “ fears discontent from Germany, an important European ally in the fight against climate change and limiting China's growing influence in the world, '' writes The Hill.

According to the publication, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken is calling on Democratic senators to block amendments to the draft defense budget, which involve the imposition of sanctions against companies involved in inspections and certification of the gas pipeline, which are necessary before it is put into operation. Among the authors of the amendments & mdash; Republican Senators James Risch (Idaho) and Ted Cruz (Texas).

According to a source, administration officials are “ creating procedural difficulties to avoid a politically difficult vote. '' The interlocutor said that the Democrats are “ very nervous '' because of the issue of voting on the pipeline, since under the previous administration they themselves opposed the project, but under Joe Biden the situation changed.

Rish and Cruz will insist on a vote, reports The Hill. The publication reports that last week the Idaho Senator opposed the continuation of work on the draft defense budget without this amendment.

The US State Department declined to comment.

Foreign Policy also wrote about the desire of the US President and his supporters to persuade Congressmen to remove amendments to the pipeline sanctions from the defense budget. Interlocutors reported that the administration is trying to prevent the imposition of restrictions on German companies, since it is important for the United States not to “ push away '' Germany, which will prove to be an important ally if Russia invades Ukraine. In addition, the report said, Democrats believe that the inclusion of amendments to the budget could limit the ability of the executive branch to impose and extend sanctions.

A group of Republicans led by Riche proposed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal 2022 in early November. If it is adopted, Biden will have to impose sanctions within 15 days against “ any organization responsible for planning the project, construction and operation of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, as well as against the main shareholder of such a company.

Cruz & mdash; a proponent of tough measures against Nord Stream 2, he said that Biden was not doing enough to block the construction of the Russian pipeline. The Republican criticized the decision of Washington, which in the spring did not impose restrictions on the company & mdash; operator of the Nord Stream 2 AG project. He called the deal between Germany and the United States on a gas pipeline allowing Russia to complete the project a disaster.

Nord Stream 2; completed in September this year. The pipeline is ready for launch as soon as it receives the approval of the German and European regulators.

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Hungarian Foreign Minister declared hypocrisy of European countries towards Russia

Peter Siyjarto emphasized that the statements of some Western European countries do not correspond to their deeds, since they verbally criticize Russia and at the same time conclude “major deals” with it

Peter Siyjarto

Western European countries show hypocrisy towards other countries, including Russia, because, while criticizing it, they do business with it, Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Siyarto said in an interview with RT.

“ This is a huge hypocrisy because the following is happening: big countries & mdash; big and strong countries & mdash; can afford to speak differently than to act. Small countries cannot afford it '', & mdash; he said.

“What Western Europeans do: They say and act differently. They always criticize Russia, but at the same time they conclude the largest deals with it, '', & mdash; continued Siyjarto. The same is happening in relation to China, he said.

The minister stressed that this duality negatively affects the trade and economic relations of the EU, since China has significantly increased its share in the world market.

Siyarto also noted that Europeans adhere to a similar approach in relation to the Russian vaccine against coronavirus Sputnik V ': in private conversations they speak very well of her, but in public they make different statements.

The fact that the statements of Western European politicians do not always correspond to their deeds, Siyarto said at the beginning of the year in an interview with RBC. “ Take a closer look and see: many of the countries that criticize Russia most harshly have the most profitable businesses here. I am against double standards in such matters. You need to understand that in some cases, cooperation with eastern neighbors, including Russia, is simply critically important, '', & mdash; he emphasized.

In March, the head of the Hungarian Foreign Ministry noted that Hungary faced political pressure after its authorities approved the use of Sputnik V, without waiting for the approval of the European regulator (it became the first EU country to make such a decision) … Earlier, the EU stated that any vaccine purchased by EU countries must undergo a certification procedure in the EU market.

Despite protests from Brussels, Hungary purchased 2 million doses of Sputnik V from Russia. In early September, Budapest announced that the purchased vaccine had ended, but noted that the country as a whole has 8 million doses of drugs, so it does not need additional supplies.

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In isolation: the end of the first 100 days of the Taliban in power

The end of November marks 100 days when the terrorist organization Taliban, banned in Russia, came to power in Afghanistan. They promised to establish a dialogue both within the country and abroad. What we did – in the video of RBK


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The expert named the problems on the way of introducing self-driving cars in Russia

Besides technological, there are moral and ethical issues

Unmanned technologies seem to be ready to seriously register on the roads. Almost every day brings new news about the success of car robots in the world. What about the self-driving car industry in Russia? What problems stand in the way? An expert in the field of intelligent transport systems spoke about this to MK.

Photo: AGN” Moscow “

Hyundai recently announced tests of a Level 4 autonomous vehicle in Seoul in the first half of 2022. As reported by Yonhap, test drives will take place on the streets in a designated area in the center of the South Korean capital. The 4th level means that the car works with minimal intervention or control from the human driver, reacts to unexpected situations. The goal of the developer company is to implement a robotic delivery service.

On the same day, the French company EasyMile announced that the EasyMile EZ10 unmanned bus developed by it had reached the 4th level. The company has obtained permission to use unmanned shuttles to transport people in general traffic. This is the first vehicle of the 4th autonomy level in the European Union, approved for use on public roads. In the fall of 2022, the EasyMile EZ10 mini-shuttle will start regular flights on the Oncopole medical campus in Toulouse, along a predetermined route.

There are already about 3 thousand unmanned vehicles in the world.

And what about Russia? As recently the Department of Transport and Development of Road and Transport Infrastructure of Moscow told reporters that readiness for testing unmanned vehicles in the city & ndash; high. The streets where unmanned taxis will travel as part of a pilot project were examined. It is alleged that Moscow will become the first capital in Europe where unmanned taxis will go. & Nbsp;

However, the introduction of unmanned vehicles in Russia is not so simple, says the head of the Mobility Group; Andrey Volgin. The company is part of Urbantech and is engaged in the creation of intelligent transport systems.

According to the specialist, unmanned vehicles have a powerful economic driver: it is more profitable, reduces personnel costs, and reduces the negative consequences of the human factor.

In addition, Andrei Volgin believes, the introduction of unmanned vehicles stimulates such large infrastructure projects as the creation of until 2024 of the cargo & nbsp; corridor along the Moscow highway & mdash; St. Petersburg. & Nbsp;

There are two options: either equipping the routes with a dedicated short-range connection based on WiFi (DSRC), or providing communication between the vehicle and any object based on 5G communication networks (C-V2X).

These systems allow positioning elements of road infrastructure and cars on the road and give everyone information about who and where is.

“ Trucks will eventually be able to drive in columns, '' said Andrey Volgin. – Cars will be warned if someone ahead brakes or is about to drive around a corner. ''

Among the problems on the way of introducing unmanned technologies, Andrei Volgin named the following: not all roads in Russia are provided with continuous 4G coverage, and 5G exists only in pilot zones; lack of up-to-date data on road transport infrastructure facilities.

“ It is necessary to create a digital twin of the transport system, and for this, Russian companies have all the necessary technologies, '' the expert believes.

Yes and other problems. “ In addition to technological barriers, which are already being solved by the forces of the IT business and state-owned companies, there is still the moral and ethical side of the issue, '' said Andrei Volgin. & ndash; Is it possible to teach a car to make the right decisions in all situations? For example, what choice will the drone make: crash into a crowd of pedestrians or self-destruct by ramming a concrete wall? What happens if an unmanned vehicle falls into the hands of terrorists? Therefore, it is important to regulate these issues by law before the launch of full-fledged unmanned driving in Russia. ''


Miners are doomed to die for a broken penny: private incomes are more valuable than lives

Terrible news of the week

The main event of the past week was the tragedy at the Listvyazhnaya mine. The worst thing about this is the doom of the miners, who knew that there would be an explosion and still went down the face, bravely won back a broken penny. Even worse, such tragedies will repeat themselves over and over again.


“ My husband came home from work every day and said: this will not end well. It was surging so much that all the sensors were beeping there. And on the night of November 14-15, there was a fire, no measures were taken, '' said the widow of one of the dead miners. The same thing, carbon copy, said the widows of those killed in 2000 at the Komsomolets mine, in 2003 at the Ziminka mine, in 2004 at the Taizhina mine. and in the same year at the same Listvyazhnaya, in 2007 at Ulyanovskaya, in 2010 at the Raspadskaya mine. In the same way as now, the directors were arrested. Vladimir Vladimirovich, at a meeting with the permanent members of the Russian Security Council, said that systematic work is needed to prevent tragedies, like at the Listvyazhnaya mine. After the accident at Ulyanovskaya, where 110 people died, Vladimir Vladimirovich was dissatisfied with the results of the investigation, and as a result, in 2015, the director of the mine, Andrei Funk, was imprisoned for 6 years. In 2017, after a little over two years in prison, Andrei Funk was pardoned by decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Vladimir Vladimirovich also said that it was necessary to provide assistance to the families of miners. And on Saturday, the governor of the region, Sergei Tsivilev, has already reported: “The government of Kuzbass and the municipality are already making payments.” The relatives of the victims will receive 250 thousand rubles each from the Kemerovo region and municipalities. The victims of the accident will also receive financial assistance. Okay, right?

The state will pay. But why is it not heard that the owner of the mine will be ruined by payments to the families of the victims? What would he pay for the death of his workers so much that he would wander around the world with caramel, at best, for the cheek?

Because this is how it works in our society of victorious capitalism & ndash; private income and government spending. Because power serves capital, and capital is power. Private incomes of entrepreneurs built into the system & ndash; this is sacred, and the cost of the lives of workers … God has a lot of us, a kilogram per penny.

So, this is inevitable & ndash; “ It won't end well, it goes off scale so that the sensors are beeping. ''

Miners and rescuers died at the Listvyazhnaya mine: footage of the tragedy

See the related photo gallery

Even last week, our Duma demonstrated that it has grown old. It used to be, in which case they splashed with juice and beat their muzzles. Now times are different. Zhirinovsky decided to dance on the bones of the cynically surrendered Rashkin. Rashkin, of course, is to blame for poaching, but the setup with the elk was so clumsy that the performers did not even try to hide the & ndash; the setup is. The main thing is the result. And here is the result obtained & ndash; Rashkin is deprived of immunity, and Vladimir Volfovich is being delayed by the last words on the communists. The communists write to the prosecutor and demand to open a criminal case on the basis of incitement to hatred. Sad and funny & ndash; ask for protection from the government against which you oppose. And which, obviously, really wants to rein in the Communist Party. Which, by the way, is what Gennady Andreevich Zyuganov said: “ Operation 'moose' ' organized by Vyacheslav Volodin, who cannot forgive Rashkin for losing in court … They decided to drown him, but they drown & nbsp; first of all the Communist Party.

Volodin did not react in any way. He is not up to that & ndash; he unexpectedly became one of the most popular bloggers on Telegram. And all he posted was a post in which he told how the work on the bill on QR codes is going on and opened comments for feedback. Comments have already accumulated over 600 thousand. & Nbsp; And on Saturday Volodin wrote that constructive ones will be studied. The edition & nbsp; The Bell & nbsp; took an arbitrary & nbsp; fragment from hundreds of comments in a row and calculated how much constructive there is. & Nbsp; 27% & nbsp; were & nbsp; for voluntary vaccinations, & nbsp; but against QR codes, about the same & mdash; & nbsp; just against & nbsp; codes. From the remaining posts & nbsp; & ndash; 23% anti-Axist and other conspiracy comments. Posts in defense of compulsory vaccination and QR codes are rare & mdash; less than 5%. & nbsp; Another 20% – information noise. Although something else is much more interesting – & nbsp; in relation to a number of citizens who commented on Volodin's post about QR codes in Russia, pre-investigation checks and examinations are expected, and based on their results, administrative and criminal cases may be initiated. In short, the 'cart' Volodina & ndash; not a place for discussion. And the effect of the comments will be the same as from the inscription on the fence. Here's a simple fact. & Nbsp; Head of the United Russia faction Timur Ortabaev resigned in the parliament of North Ossetia & nbsp; after the parliament was unable from the first time to approve the draft law on codes sent by the State Duma to the regions for discussion. Is everything clear?

Here is the singer Morgenstern & ndash; has long been clear. Head of the Investigative Committee Alexander Bastrykin met with Svetlana Svetlichnaya. After that Svetlichnaya was hospitalized in neurology, and Alexander Ivanovich said that the Unified State Exam & ndash; this is torture for schoolchildren, and Morgenstern distributes drugs on social networks. And Morgenstern, it seems, decided to dump, until Bastrykin's subordinates (in the hope of a 13th salary and a New Year's bonus) found drugs on his social networks. It's funny, but a couple of months ago Morgenstern called Russia the best country in the world, his most beloved. He said that he would like to live only in Russia and nowhere else. But he admitted that he “ would have to emigrate if he sharpens a tooth on me too much (obscenely). ''

However, he will run away or not run away & ndash; the country will not lose anything, it’s not scary.

It’s scary that the miners, too, have understood everything for a long time. And nothing to lose. But they do not walk on their own land, but doomed underground.


Pensions in Russia will be increased for three categories of citizens from December 1

The lawyer commented on the level of indexation of pension payments.

Three categories of citizens of the Russian Federation will increase their pensions from December 1.

Accrual will be carried out automatically.

According to MK, citizens who have worked until August of this year will receive a supplement to their pensions and those who quit, as well as everyone who applied for recalculation, and citizens who have turned 80 years old.

All of them will receive 6044 rubles as a one-time annual payment. Thus, this payment will double.

Commenting on the indexation of pension payments, lawyer Artem Zelenkov said that the indexation level for Russians of retirement age, taking into account the planned inflation of 8.1% and the current indicators of a decrease in the purchasing power of the population, could reach 9%.

Nevertheless, more detailed data can be seen only in December.

Such indicators are given in the instruction of Russian President Vladimir Putin, according to which the head of state ordered the government to develop measures to indexation of payments to pensioners above the inflationary mark.

It also assumes that by 2022 the average annual pension will reach the level of 17 thousand rubles, by 2023 & # 8211; 18 thousand rubles, and by 2024 & # 8211; 18.7 thousand rubles.

Earlier, Topnews wrote that a bill was submitted to the State Duma on the indexation of all pensions not lower than inflation.


Chinese scientists find radioactive potassium-40 in bananas

Bananas contain a radioactive element. Scientists from the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Zhang Xiaotian and Liao Jie told about this in a material for WeChat.

Experts found out that in addition to ordinary potassium, bananas contain its isotope & mdash; potassium-40, a source of ionizing radiation. However, there is very little of it in fruits.

“ The dose of radiation received when eating one banana is about 0.0778 microsievert. This is negligible ', & ndash; explained the scientists, adding that computed tomography of the chest for this indicator is equivalent to 70 thousand bananas.

Previously, the nutritionist told about the risks of excessive consumption of apples. Fruit, among other substances, contains many organic acids that speed up metabolism. But in addition to the benefits, they can lead to unpleasant sensations when it comes to people with high acidity.


How will the procedure for granting vacations change from November 30?

Starting November 30, Russia will have new rules on vacations. Changes are made to Art. 263 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation in accordance with Federal Law No. 373-FZ of November 19, 2021.

According to the amendments, the list of employees to whom the employer must provide additional leave without pay will increase.

Who can take additional leave? & nbsp;

Annual additional leave without pay at a convenient time will be able to take & nbsp; employees who care for a family member or other relative & ndash; disabled person of group I. & nbsp; A person can take a vacation at any time convenient for him, but it will be unpaid leave.

For how many days can you take additional leave? & nbsp;

The duration of the vacation can be up to 14 calendar days, the conditions for it must be spelled out in the collective agreement. Additional unpaid leave can be added to the main one or used separately, in parts.

Who else is granted unpaid leave?

Unpaid leave can be obtained by: & nbsp;

1. Any employee in the event of the birth of a child, registration of marriage or death of a close relative (up to five calendar days, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code);

2. Employee & ndash; graduate of preparatory departments at universities and applicants (up to 15 calendar days, part 2 of article 173 of the Labor Code);

3. Employee & ndash; full-time student at a university (intermediate certification – 15 calendar days in the academic year, preparation and defense of the graduation project with the passing of final state exams – four months and passing the final state exams – one month, part 2 of Art. 173 TC);

4. Employee & ndash; applicant of a state-accredited secondary vocational education institution (entrance examinations & ndash; 10 calendar days, part 2 of article 174 of the Labor Code);

5. An employee who studies in an institution of secondary vocational education that has state accreditation (full-time education) (intermediate certification – 10 calendar days in the academic year, preparation and defense of qualifying work and passing the final state exams – two months, passing final exams – ; one month, part 2 of article 174 of the Labor Code);

6. Employee & ndash; participant of the Great Patriotic War (up to 35 calendar days a year, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code);

7. Retired employee (up to 14 calendar days a year, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code);

8. Employee & ndash; father (mother) or spouse (spouse) of military personnel who died or died due to injury, concussion or injury received in the performance of military service duties or due to an illness associated with it (up to 14 calendar days a year, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code );

9. Disabled employee (up to 60 calendar days a year, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code);

10. An employee-parent or spouse of an employee of the internal affairs bodies, the federal fire service, the bodies for control over the circulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, customs authorities, employees of institutions and bodies of the penal system, who died or died as a result of injury, concussion or injury received during service or as a result of an illness associated with the passage of service (up to 14 calendar days a year, part 2 of article 128 of the Labor Code);

11. An employee with two or more children under the age of 14 (up to 14 calendar days a year, if such an obligation is established by a collective agreement, Article 263 of the Labor Code);

12. An employee with a disabled child under 18 years of age (up to 14 calendar days a year, if such an obligation is established by a collective agreement, Article 263 of the Labor Code);

13. A single mother with a child under the age of 14 (up to 14 calendar days a year, if such an obligation is established by a collective agreement, Article 263 of the Labor Code);

14. A father who brings up a child under the age of 14 without a mother (up to 14 calendar days a year, if such an obligation is established by a collective agreement, Article 263 of the Labor Code);

15. A woman who works in rural areas (one calendar day per month, Article 263.1 of the Labor Code);

16. Employee & ndash; a disabled war veteran (up to 60 calendar days a year, article 14 of the Law of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ);

17. Employee & ndash; combat veteran (up to 35 calendar days a year, article 16 of the Law of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ);

18. A military employee who served in military units, military educational institutions that were not part of the active army in the period from June 22, 1941 to September 3, 1945 for at least six months, or a soldier who was awarded orders during this period or medals of the USSR (up to 35 calendar days a year, art. 17 of the Law of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ);

19. An employee who worked during the Great Patriotic War at the objects of air defense, local air defense, the construction of defensive structures, naval bases, airfields and other military facilities within the rear borders of operating fronts, operational zones of operating fleets, on the front-line sections of iron and highways (up to 35 calendar days a year, art. 19 of the Law of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ);

20 Employee awarded with the sign “ Resident of besieged Leningrad '' (up to 35 calendar days a year, article 18 of the Law of January 12, 1995 No. 5-FZ);

21. An employee working in the regions of the Far North and areas equated to the regions of the Far North, next to the place of vacation (depending on the time required to travel to the place of using the vacation and back, part 3 of Art. 322 TC);

22. Employee & ndash; a teacher of an educational institution (at least every 10 years of continuous teaching, up to one year, Article 335 of the Labor Code);

23. Employee & ndash; Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Russian Federation or full holder of the Order of Glory (up to three weeks a year, article 8 of the law of January 15, 1993 No. 4301-1);

24. Employee & ndash; Hero of Socialist Labor or full holder of the Order of Labor Glory (up to three weeks a year, part 2 of article 6 of the Law of January 9, 1997 No. 5-FZ);

26. Employee & ndash; people's vigilante and other freelance police officers (up to 10 calendar days a year, art. 26 of the Law of April 2, 2014 No. 44-FZ);

Which of the employees has the right on vacation at any convenient time? & nbsp;

Employees can take regular paid leave in accordance with a pre-approved schedule. But there are categories of workers who can go on vacation at any convenient time. & Nbsp;

These benefits include:

  • minors & nbsp; (Article 267 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation)
  • parents, including adoptive, guardians or guardians who are raising a disabled child under the age of 18 (Article 262.1 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation)
  • employees who were awarded the badges “ Honorary Donor of Russia '' and 'Honorary Donor of the USSR' (parts 1, 2, article 23 of the Law of 20.07.2012 No. 125-FZ)
  • pregnant women before or after maternity leave (article 260 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation)
  • employees who have three or more children under the age of 18 (Article 262.2 of the Labor Code)
  • a spouse who wants to take leave during the maternity leave of his wife (part 4 of Article 123 of the Labor Code)
  • the spouse of a serviceman who wants to go on vacation at the same time as the vacation of the other spouse (clause 11 of article 11 of the Law of 27.05.1998 No. 76-FZ)
  • veterans of the Great Patriotic War, war invalids, war veterans, including those with disabilities (Art. 14 & ndash; 19 of the Law of 12.01.1995 No. 5-FZ)
  • Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of Russia, full holders of the Order of Glory (part 3 of article 8 of the Law of 01/15/1993 No. 4301-1)
  • Heroes of Socialist Labor and full holders of the Order of Labor Glory (article 6 of the Law of 09.01.1997 No. 5-FZ )
  • employees who received or suffered radiation sickness and other diseases that are associated with radiation due to the Chernobyl disaster or with work to eliminate its consequences, people with disabilities due to the Chernobyl disaster, participants in the liquidation of the disaster (part 3 of article 15 of the Law of 15.05.1991 No. 1244- 1)
  • one of the parents working in the Far North and equivalent areas (guardian or trustee) who accompanies a child under the age of 18 for admission to an educational institution of secondary or higher professional education located in another locality (part 5 of article 322 of the Labor Code)
  • employees who apply for leave for the first working year, if the employer intends to include them in the schedule (article 122 of the Labor Code).

Sources: & nbsp;
https: //www.glavbukh .ru/news/37852-putin-podpisal-novyy-zakon-ob-otpuskah
http: //www.consultan


Czech President appoints new Prime Minister

The opposition coalition Together won elections in October and formed a government with two other parties. They nominated Peter Fialu for the post of prime minister, today the president appointed him

Petr Fiala

The President of the Czech Republic Milos Zeman has appointed the leader of the opposition coalition” Together ” Petra Fialu is the new prime minister after the coalition won elections in October, Czech Radio reports.

The ceremony took place at the country residence of the head of state in the Lana Palace, not far from Prague. Due to the fact that Zeman tested positive for coronavirus two days ago, the ceremony was held in accordance with the strictest sanitary standards, according to the radio station. So, in the room where the event was held, there were two entrances, and the room itself was divided by transparent plexiglass. Fiala could only communicate with the President via audio.

Parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic were held in early October. Coalition Together, which includes the opposition Civic Democratic Party, Christian Democratic Union Czechoslovak People's Party '' and Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 received the most votes (27.79%). She formed a new government with a coalition that included the Czech Pirate Party and the Elders and Independents movement. (15.62% of the votes). In total, they received 108 seats out of 200 in parliament.

The political movement “ Action of dissatisfied citizens '' (ANO), which was headed by the previous Prime Minister Andrei Babish, gained 27.17% of the vote.

Milos Zeman was hospitalized immediately after the elections, on October 10, due to an exacerbation of a chronic illness. He was hospitalized in the intensive care unit, and was transferred to the usual ward of the president on November 4.

Zeman was discharged on November 25, but it was recommended to organize observation and medical assistance for him. However, a few hours later, the 76-year-old president was again taken to the hospital, as his test for coronavirus was positive. The head of state was discharged two days later.

Pyotr Fiala received his degree in history and philology at Masaryk University, and since 2002 has been a professor of political science. In 2013, he joined the Civil Democratic Party, was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in Parliament.

At the beginning of 2014, Fiala was elected chairman of the party, after which he was re-elected several times.

The new Czech prime minister was earlier spoke in support of the anti-Russian sanctions imposed by Europe. For example, in 2018, he argued that there is no reason to ease sanctions pressure yet, since Russia, in his opinion, is still “ occupying '' Crimea.

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In Belarus, offered to judge in absentia the opposition émigrés

Photo: possible in absentia sentencing in criminal cases of oppositionists who went abroad.

“There was probably an omission in the criminal procedural legislation …”, – said Volfovich.

According to him, under the current legislation, the “principle of inevitability of criminal punishment for a committed crime” was not fulfilled. Because of this, the Secretary of State added, a “criminal” can leave the country and live in peace, and even at the request of security officials, other states do not extradite him “for political reasons.” If the amendments are made, the court will be able to sentence such people in absentia, concluded Volfovich.


Peskov reported on “very positive” contacts with the EU on the recognition of covid certificates


Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the current situation with the mutual recognition of vaccination certificates from coronavirus between Russia and the EU has a positive trend.

“There were very positive contacts, – he said. – An analysis of” homework “is underway.

He explained that the mutual recognition of -10 is in many ways a technological process that includes “many technologically different tasks.” At the same time, Peskov added that “there is every reason to believe” that it will be possible to move on to direct mutual recognition “within a certain number of months.”


Dushanbe ran into Khorog: more and more victims every day

The head of the Gorno-Badakhshan region was thrown with stones

The protest situation in Gorno-Badakhshan is spreading throughout Tajikistan. The head of the region, Alisher Mirzonabot, was wounded in the capital of GBAO yesterday during a speech in front of protesters. MP Aziz Giyozoda was also hospitalized with severe bodily injuries. After that, already in Dushanbe, a picket was held near the UN building: young people stood with posters “ Badakhshan is part of Tajikistan '' and Criminals Must Be Punished. They were attacked by the natives of GBAO. Separated them from the police.

Photo: Still from video

In Khorog itself, local residents have been protesting on Somoni Square for three days. From several hundred people their number increased to several thousand: the population of the surrounding villages joined the townspeople. The demands of the rebels: remove military posts around the city, leaving only the traffic police posts, but the main thing is & mdash; to conduct an investigation into the death of a resident of the village of Tavdem Gulbiddin Ziyobekov. & nbsp;

Let us remind you that on the morning of November 25, security officials came to Ziyobekov's home and tried to detain him. He was accused of kidnapping the assistant prosecutor. This incident took place back in February 2020. Then Ziyobekov, together with his family and friends, kidnapped the assistant prosecutor Abdusalom Abirzoda and kept him for 8 hours, periodically beating him and demanding an apology for harassing his sister. There is even a video in which Abirzoda, surrounded by a crowd of men, asks for forgiveness from all residents of the autonomous region for his behavior. Since Ziyobekov did not appear before the investigators for interrogation, it was finally decided to bring him in by force. It all ended in a shootout, & nbsp; as a result of which & nbsp; the attacker and two of his friends were wounded. According to eyewitnesses, Ziyobekov was taken out of the house alive, put in a police car, and after a while he was informed of his death. & Nbsp;

The body of the native of Gorno-Badakhshan was not allowed to be taken out: the killed was brought to the square and a meeting was held. After the dispersal of which, two bodies turned out to be on the square: during the shooting on the square, another young native of the region, 21-year-old Tutisho Aslishoev, was killed. Five law enforcement officers were also injured. On Saturday, another attempt was made to establish a dialogue “ with the square '': the head of the region, Alisher Mirzonabot, came out to the protesters. He said that a commission has been created that is conducting a thorough investigation into the death of Ziyobekov. In response, stones were thrown towards the official. Moreover, as the organizers of the rally say, they themselves do not know who these attackers were. On the eve, everyone was asked to refrain from provocations. “ We stood next to him, several masked young men began to throw stones. We were also hit by stones. A scuffle began, some tried to get the chairman and again take him out to the protesters … '', the organizers said. Sunday in the rebellious region & nbsp; arrived & nbsp; Head of the Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Sughd Region Abdullo Navjuvonov. It was decided to conduct a joint investigation. “ We will have our own commission, which will work in the investigation team and report the results to the protesters. '' – one of the activists told the local newspaper. One of the demands of the protesters: not to touch those who participated in the attack on the head of the region and the police. & Nbsp; Will it be possible to extinguish the incipient fire now, or will there be attempts to rock the situation again?